ORBIS SCHOLAE
ORBIS SCHOLAE

Orbis scholae je odborný recenzovaný časopis zaměřený na problematiku školního vzdělávání v jeho širších sociokulturních souvislostech. Cílem časopisu je přispět k porozumění školnímu vzdělávání a jeho rozvoji, k řešení problémů praxe a vzdělávací politiky.

ORBIS SCHOLAE, Vol 9 No 1 (2015), 139–155

Určovanie hraničných skóre pre kriteriálne testy

[The Standard (Cut Score) Setting for Criterion-referenced Educational Tests]

Andrej Mentel

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14712/23363177.2015.76
zveřejněno: 01. 11. 2015

Abstract

The study investigates the process of standard (cut score) setting for criterion-referenced educational tests. The main goal of this study is to provide the comprehensive framework on standard setting based mainly on Anglo-American research literature as well as on the Standards for educational and psychological testing (AERA, APA, & NCME, 1999). Main emphasis is dedicated to the process of creating description of performance levels and to the methods of cut score setting. Description of performance levels is shown on some examples concerning the reading comprehension and is based on MCAS testing. Among the test-item centered methods, Angoff, Nedelsky and bookmarking methods are desribed. The person-centered methods are represented by contrasting group approach. As a representant of methods combining both approaches, the measurement decision theory classification is described. The validity issues of these methods are briefly discussed. Stať skúma proces určovania štandardov (hraničných skóre) pre kriteriálne pedagogické testy. Hlavným cieľom štúdie je poskytnúť ucelený rámec pre určovanie hraničných skóre založený hlavne na anglo-americkej výskumnej literatúre, ako aj na Štandardoch pre pedagogické a psychologické testovanie (AERA, APA, & NCME, 1999). Hlavný dôraz je venovaný procesu vytvárania opisov úrovní výkonu a metódam na určovanie hraničného skóre. Opisy úrovní výkonu sú ukázané na príkladoch zameraných na testovanie čítania s porozumením a sú založené hlavne na testovaní MCAS. Spomedzi metód určovania hraničného skóre, ktoré sú zamerané na testové položky, sú opísané Angoffova a Nedelského metóda a metóda záložiek. Metódy zamerané na osobu žiaka sú zastúpené prístupom založeným na kontrastných skupinách. Reprezentantom metód využívajúcich prvky oboch prístupov je klasifikácia na základe measurement decision theory. V závere sú krátko diskutované otázky validity týchto metód.

Klíčová slova: criterion-referenced tests; methods of standard (cut score) setting; reading comprehension; cultural capital kriteriálne testy; metódy určovania štandardov (hraničných skóre); čítanie s porozumením; kultúrny kapitál

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