ORBIS SCHOLAE

ORBIS SCHOLAE

Orbis scholae je odborný recenzovaný časopis zaměřený na problematiku školního vzdělávání v jeho širších sociokulturních souvislostech. Cílem časopisu je přispět k porozumění školnímu vzdělávání a jeho rozvoji, k řešení problémů praxe a vzdělávací politiky.

ORBIS SCHOLAE, Vol 10 No 2 (2016), 117–130

Badatelsky orientovaná výuka matematiky na 1. stupni základního vzdělávání

[Inquiry Based Mathematics Education on Primary School Level]

Alena Hošpesová

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14712/23363177.2017.5
zveřejněno: 16. 03. 2017

Abstract

Inquiry-based education means that the teacher in the classroom creates the conditions for pupils to inquire independently a part of knowledge which they are supposed to learn. This study is based on an analysis of several lessons of inquiry based mathematics education in primary classrooms, and its aim is to identify phenomena which characterize this culture of education and cause difficulties in its implementation. Problems used in our experiments had the character of (a) reviving the preconceptions of mathematical concepts that students know from everyday life, (b) using the already learned knowledge in new contexts. As an incentive for pupils’ inquiry was also used simulated incorrect solution. The process of inquiry in the classroom hinted at problems (a) with the formulation of learning objectives relevant to the valid curriculum, (b) with the management of pupils’ experiments designed to accomplish these objectives, (c) with respecting the individual differences of pupils. Implementation differed mainly according the level of autonomy the teacher allowed students, the teacher’s ability to cope with ambiguity and uncertainty, which appeared in a dialogue with the pupils, and a deeper insight into the structure of mathematics.

Klíčová slova: inquiry based education; culture of mathematics classroom; primary school level

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ISSN: 1802-4637
E-ISSN: 2336-3177

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