AUC PHILOLOGICA

AUC PHILOLOGICA

AUC Philologica (Acta Universitatis Carolinae Philologica) je akademický časopis publikující jak lingvistické, tak literárně historické a teoretické studie. Nedílnou součástí časopisu jsou i recenze odborných knih a zprávy z akademického prostředí.

Časopis je indexován v databázích CEEOL, DOAJ, EBSCO a ERIH PLUS.

AUC PHILOLOGICA, Vol 2020 No 1 (2020), 23–38

To eller tre englænderinder? Courbets maleri som idéimpuls for Blixens fortælling „De standhaftige Slaveejere“

[Two or three English women? Courbet’s painting as an impulse for ideas in Blixen’s story “The Steadfast Slave Owners”]

Radka Stahr

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14712/24646830.2020.18
zveřejněno: 02. 11. 2020

Abstract

In her short stories, Karen Blixen often uses fine art as a model for describing characters or landscapes. When analyzing these references, researchers face a basic problem in many cases: how can one prove that the author meant a particular artefact when it is not explicitly mentioned in the text? Only in one case does Blixen offer us a specific indication – in the essay “Til fire kultegninger” she writes that the basic motif of the short story “De standhaftige Slaveejere” was Courbet’s painting of two young Englishwomen. This article deals with the specific reflection of Courbet’s painting Three Young Englishwomen by a Window in this short story and reveals the way the painting is reflected in the text. The analysis shows that the description corresponds to the appearance of the characters in the picture only partially; the author completes and changes the description according to her own imagination to adjust it to the plot of the short story. In this respect, the narrative potential of ekphrasis comes to the fore. However, it is not a classic narrative impulse, as formulated by Heffernan, but rather a “conceptual impulse”. The painting actually serves Blixen as a basis for a subjective idea, upon which she develops the storyline. An interesting role in this case is played by the fact that there are three Englishwomen in Courbet’s painting, while Blixen mentions only two. However, we know from the history of the painting that the third character had been painted over and was only discovered in 1931. The article thus hypothesizes whether the author intentionally refers to only two characters for compositional reasons because the absence of the third girl partially changes the impression of the painting.

Klíčová slova: Karen Blixen; Danish literature; intermediality; ekphrasis; narrative impulse; conceptual impulse; Gustave Courbet

reference (32)

1. Asmussen, Marianne Wirenfeldt og Sofie Stenkjær, ed. Karen Blixens kunst: tegninger og malerier. Rungstedlund: Karen Blixen Museet, 2002.

2. Blixen, Karen. Skygger paa Græsset. København: Gyldendal, 1960.

3. Blixen, Karen. "Vejene omkring Pisa." Syv fantastiske fortællinger. Karen Blixen. København: Gyldendal, 1988. 9-70.

4. Blixen, Karen. "Til fire kultegninger." Karen Blixens Tegninger. Ed. Frans Lasson. København: Forening for Boghaandværk, 1969. 19-29.

5. Blixen, Karen. "De standhaftige Slaveejere." Vintereventyr. Karen Blixen. København: Gyldendal, 2000. 63-86.

6. Březinová, Helena. "A Community Incommunicado. On Troubled Communication in Hans Christian Andersen's Fairy Tales". Hans Christian Andersen and Community. Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark, 2019. 35-57.

7. Brundbjerg, Else. "Inspirationens veje". Bogens Verden 2 (1996): ikke nummereret.

8. Brundbjerg, Else. Kvinden, kætteren, kunstneren Karen Blixen. Charlottenlund: KnowWare, 1995.

9. Brundbjerg, Else, ed. Samtaler med Karen Blixen. København: Gyldendal, 2000.

10. Chatman, Seymour. Story and Discourse: Narrative Structure in Fiction and Film. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, 1980.

11. Engberg, Charlotte. Billedets ekko: om Karen Blixens fortællinger. København: Gyldendal, 2000.

12. Engberg, Charlotte. "Når ord bliver til billede." Karen Blixens kunst: tegninger og malerier. Ed. Marianne Wirenfeldt Asmussen og Sofie Stenkjær. Rungstedlund: Karen Blixen Museet, 2002, 18-21.

13. Engelbrecht, Tom og Frans Lasson, ed. Karen Blixen i Danmark - Breve 1931-1962. København: Gyldendal, 1996.

14. Fowler, D. P. "Narrate and Describe: The Problem of Ekphrasis." The Journal of Roman Studies 81 (1991): 25-35. CrossRef

15. Genette, Gèrard. Paratexts: Thresholds of Interpretation. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1997.

16. Glyptoteket. "Månedens værk, juni 2011." 9 Jun. 2011. https://glyptoteket.wordpress.com. 25. Apr. 2020.

17. Heffernan, James A. W. "Ekphrasis and Representation." New Literary History 2 (1991): 297-316. CrossRef

18. Heffernan, James A. W. Museum of Words: The Poetics of Ekphrasis from Homer to Ashbery. Chicago: The Univ. of Chicago Press, 1993.

19. Heitmann, Annegret. ",Vifter, Juveler og smaa, højhælede Sko'. Mode und Kleidung bei Karen Blixen." European Journal of Scandinavian Studies 47/2 (2017): 351-366. CrossRef

20. Holmberg, Hans. Ingen skygge uden lys: om livets veje og kunstens i nogle fortællinger af Karen Blixen. København: Reitzel, 1995.

21. Juhl, Marianne. "Kvindens rolle mandens maske. Om ,De standhaftige Slaveejere'." Blixeniana (1982): 309-327.

22. Lasson, Frans, ed. Karen Blixen. Breve fra Afrika 1914-31. København: Gyldendal, 1978.

23. Riat, Georges. Gustave Courbet. New York: Parkstone International, 2012. E-book (ikke nummereret).

24. Stahr, Radka. "At male med ord: til realisering af billedkunst i Karen Blixens fortællinger." Scandinavian Philology 17/1 (2019): 146-159. CrossRef

25. Stahr, Radka. "Høje kvinder og fede mænd: karikatur som et stilistisk virkemiddel i Karen Blixens fortællinger." AUC Philologica 3 (2019): 89-98. CrossRef

26. Sturgis, Alexander, ed. Understanding Paintings: Themes in Art Explored and Explained. London; New York: Mitchell Beazley, 2000.

27. Sørensen, Ivan Ž. og Johan Rosdahl. At læse Karen Blixen. Aarhus: Systime, 2011.

28. Sørensen, Ivan Ž. og Ole Togeby. Omvejene til Pisa. En fortolkning af Karen Blixens "Vejene omkring Pisa". København: Gyldendal, 2001.

29. Thurman, Judith. Karen Blixen. En fortællers liv. København: Gyldendal, 1985.

30. Westenholz, Anders. Den glemte abe: mand og kvinde hos Karen Blixen. København: Gyldendal, 1985. E-book (ikke nummereret).

31. Wolf, Werner. "Intermedialität: Konzept, literaturwissenschaftliche Relevanz, Typologie, intermediale Former." Selected Essays on Intermediality by Werner Wolf (1992-2014). Walter Bernhard, ed. Leiden: Brill, 2017. 173-210. CrossRef

32. Yacobi, Tamar. "Pictorial Models and Narrative Ekphrasis". Poetics Today 16 (1995): 599-649. CrossRef

Creative Commons License
To eller tre englænderinder? Courbets maleri som idéimpuls for Blixens fortælling „De standhaftige Slaveejere“ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


vychází: 4 x ročně
cena tištěného čísla: 150 Kč
ISSN: 0567-8269
E-ISSN: 2464-6830

Ke stažení