PSYCHOLOGIE PRO PRAXI
PSYCHOLOGIE PRO PRAXI

Psychologie pro praxi chce navázat na cennou tradici předchozího odborného časopisu Psychologie v ekonomické praxi s tím, že nabízí prostor pro publikování původních příspěvků z psychologie i příbuzných disciplín. Preferovány jsou tyto základní obory: psychologie pedagogická a školní, psychologie práce a organizace, psychologie sociální a vývojová, psychologie zdraví a klinická psychologie. Vítány jsou příspěvky, které se zabývají studiem psychologických témat v rámci různých aplikovaných oblastí či napříč kulturami.

PSYCHOLOGIE PRO PRAXI, Vol 55 No 2 (2020), 75–96

Vnímanie akademického cieľa a kríza v procese jeho dosahovania

[Goal characteristics and action crisis in the process of pursuing the academic goal]

Bibiána Kováčová Holevová

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14712/23366486.2021.10
zveřejněno: 25. 11. 2021

Abstract

The aim of the research was to explore the correlations among the perceived characteristics of the academic goal (the grade that a student set himself to achieve) during the semester, as well as the correlations with the obtained grade. The university students (N = 31) participated on the research. Their perceptions of motivation, self-efficacy, commitment, desirability, attainability, effort, progress and action crisis were collected by short scales 1. in the goal setting, 2. after passing the credit test and 3. 24hours before the exam. After passing the exam, the grade and the fulfillment of the goal were also collected. Only the higher desirability after passing the partial goal (after the credit test) was associated with the worse grade. However, the students had set the worse grades than they finally obtained. Correlations among the goal characteristics confirmed the findings of other studies. The correlations among the previous and the upcoming goal characteristics have shown the importance of the initial “want to” motivation, desirability and attainability. The crisis was correlated with low attainability, low progress and with previous crisis and “have to” motivation.

Klíčová slova: pursuing the goal; goal characteristics; action crisis; academic goal; educational psychology

reference (24)

1. Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W. H. Freeman (Times Books) Henry Holt & Co.

2. Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 1-26. CrossRef

3. Bandura, A., Locke, E. A. (2003). Negative self-efficacy and goal effects revisited. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(1), 87-99. CrossRef

4. Brandstätter, V., Herrmann, M., Schüler, J. (2013). The struggle of giving up-Affective, physiological, and cognitive consequences of an action crisis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39(12), 1668-1682. CrossRef

5. Brandstätter, V., Schűler, J. (2013). Action crisis and cost-benefit thinking: A cognitive analysis of a goal-disengagement phase. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49(3), 543-553. CrossRef

6. Brunstein, J. C. (1993). Personal Goals and Subjective Well-Being: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65(5), 1061-1070. CrossRef

7. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd Edition). New York: Routledge.

8. Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M. (2000). The "what" and "why" of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 227-268. CrossRef

9. Dweck, C. S., Elliott, E. S. (1983). Achievement motivation. In P. Mussen, E. M. Hetherington (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology (pp. 643-691). New York: Wiley.

10. Elliot, A. J. (1999). Approach and avoidance motivation and achievement goals. Educational Psychologist, 34(3), 169-189. CrossRef

11. Fishbach, A., Dhar, R. (2005). Goals as excuses or guides: The liberating effect of perceived goal progress on choice. Journal of Consumer Research, 32(3), 370-377. CrossRef

12. Ghassemi, M., Bernecker, K., Herrmann, M., Brandstätter, V. (2017). The Process of Disengagement From Personal Goals: Reciprocal Influences Between the Experience of Action Crisis and Appraisals of Goal Desirability and Attainability. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 43(4), 524-537. CrossRef

13. Grant, H., Dweck, C. S. (2003). Clarifying achievement goals and their impact, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(3), 541-553. CrossRef

14. Herrmann, M., Brandstätter, V. (2015). Action Crises and Goal Disengagement: Longitudinal Evidence on the Predictive Validity of A Motivational Phase in Goal Striving. Motivation Science, 1(2), 121-136. CrossRef

15. Klein, H. J., Cooper, J. T., Molloy, J. C., Swanson, J. A. (2014). The assessment of commitment: Advantages of a unidimensional, target-free approach. Journal of Applied Psychology, 99(2), 222-238. CrossRef

16. Koestner, R., Otis, N., Powers, T. A., Pelletier, L., Gagnon, H. (2008). Autonomous motivation, controlled motivation, and goal progress. Journal of Personality, 76(5), 1201-1230. CrossRef

17. Lovaš, L. (2017). Dosahovanie cieľov v kontexte sebaregulácie. In L. Lovaš, B. Ráczová et al., (Eds.) Procesy sebaregulácie v dosahovaní cieľov. Košice: UPJŠ.

18. Milyavskaya, M., Inzlicht, M., Hope, N., Koestner, R. (2015). Saying "no" to temptation: Want-to motivation improves self-regulation by reducing temptation rather than by increasing self-control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 109(4), 677-693. CrossRef

19. Pomaki, G., Karoly, P., Maes, S., (2009). Linking Goal Progress to Subjective Well-Being at Work: The Moderating Role of Goal-Related Self-Efficacy and Attainability. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 14(2), 206-218. CrossRef

20. Ryan, R. M., Deci, E. L. (2006). Self-regulation and the problem of human autonomy: Does psychology need choice, self-determination and will? Journal of Personality, 74(6), 1557-1586. CrossRef

21. Sheldon, K. M., Elliot, A. J. (1998). Not all personal goals are personal: Comparing autonomous and controlled reasons for goals as predictors of effort and attainment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24(5), 546-557. CrossRef

22. Sheldon, K. M., Elliot, A. J. (1999). Goal Striving, Need Satisfaction, And Longitudinal Well-Being: The Self-Concordance Model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76(3), 482-497. CrossRef

23. Voorneman, I., De Ridder, D.T.D., Adriaanse, M.A. (2011). Aim for The Moon, Reach for The Stars: The Importance of Desirability and Feasibility Considerations in Health Goals. Internal Report Self-Regulation Lab.

24. Werner, K., M., Milyavskaya, M., Foxen-Craft, E., Koestner, R. (2016). Some goals just feel easier: Self-concordance leads to goal progress through subjective ease, not effort. Personality and Individual Differences, 96, 237-242. CrossRef

Creative Commons License
Vnímanie akademického cieľa a kríza v procese jeho dosahovania is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

157 x 230 mm
vychází: 2 x ročně
cena tištěného čísla: 80 Kč
ISSN: 1803-8670
E-ISSN: 2336-6486

Ke stažení