HISTORICKÁ SOCIOLOGIE

HISTORICKÁ SOCIOLOGIE

Interdisciplinární časopis se zaměřuje především ze sociologického, politologického a historického hlediska na problematiku dlouhodobých sociálních procesů a trendů, modernizace, globalizačních tendencí a vlivů. Časopis vytváří širší platformu pro badatele v historických sociálních vědách. Epistemologické pole časopisu není striktně ohraničené a počítá s přesahy do civilizacionistiky, kulturní sociologie a dalších spřízněných oblastí.

Časopis vydává nakladatelství Univerzity Karlovy v Praze Karolinum ve spolupráci s Fakultou humanitních studií Univerzity Karlovy v Praze.

Historická sociologie je vědecký časopis s otevřeným přístupem, což znamená, že veškerý obsah je volně k dispozici bez poplatku pro uživatele nebo instituci. Uživatelé mohou číst, stahovat, kopírovat, distribuovat, tisknout, vyhledávat nebo odkazovat na plné texty článků v tomto časopise, aniž by potřebovali předchozí povolení od vydavatele nebo autora.

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HISTORICKÁ SOCIOLOGIE, Vol 12 No 2 (2020), 29–50

Catholic Church Towards Sovietization of Culture and Polish Society in Communication of the Polish Embassy at the Vatican in the Years 1956–1968

[Catholic Church Towards Sovietization of Culture and Polish Society in Communication of the Polish Embassy at the Vatican in the Years 1956–1968]

Marek Bodziany, Tomasz Landmann

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14712/23363525.2020.18
zveřejněno: 01. 12. 2020

Abstract

The article aims to present the culture-forming role of the Catholic Church, which emerges from selected communications of the Polish Embassy at the Vatican, in opposition to the sovietisation of Polish culture developed by the communist authorities of the People’s Republic of Poland in the years 1956–1968. Materials from the Archive of the Józef Piłsudski Institute in America and available literature constituted the basis for the analysis. The undertaken research considering the sources fills a significant gap in the knowledge about the Catholic Church’s opposition to the process of sovietisation of Polish culture during the Cold War. It should be emphasised that in the post-war period the Church was the institution that shaped Christian values and a kind of “bastion” of resistance to the authorities whose one of the goals was to sovietise Polish culture. It continued the discourse on the ground of the expression of the inability to reconcile the communist ideology with Christian values in European, including Polish, culture. It also acted as a correspondent for the affairs of oppressed nations subjected to the course of sovietisation. The undertaken research is an answer for lack of knowledge on the Catholic Church opposition towards the process of sovietising Polish culture during the Cold War. All the above allows the hypothesis that the Catholic Church during this period was the only one successful opposition to the PRL authorities which were against the Polish culture and society.

Klíčová slova: Polish embassy at the Vatican; cultural security; communism; the Church

reference (86)

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