HISTORICKÁ SOCIOLOGIE
HISTORICKÁ SOCIOLOGIE

Interdisciplinární časopis se zaměřuje především ze sociologického, politologického a historického hlediska na problematiku dlouhodobých sociálních procesů a trendů, modernizace, globalizačních tendencí a vlivů. Časopis vytváří širší platformu pro badatele v historických sociálních vědách. Epistemologické pole časopisu není striktně ohraničené a počítá s přesahy do civilizacionistiky, kulturní sociologie a dalších spřízněných oblastí.

Časopis vydává nakladatelství Univerzity Karlovy v Praze Karolinum ve spolupráci s Fakultou humanitních studií Univerzity Karlovy v Praze.

Historická sociologie je vědecký časopis s otevřeným přístupem, což znamená, že veškerý obsah je volně k dispozici bez poplatku pro uživatele nebo instituci. Uživatelé mohou číst, stahovat, kopírovat, distribuovat, tisknout, vyhledávat nebo odkazovat na plné texty článků v tomto časopise, aniž by potřebovali předchozí povolení od vydavatele nebo autora.

Recenzovaný vědecký časopis vychází dvakrát ročně, v červnu a v prosinci.

Časopis je abstraktován a indexován v CEEOL, CEJSH, DOAJ, EBSCO, Emerging Sources Citation Index, ERIH PLUS, OAJI, recensio.net, Scopus, SSOAR, Ulrichsweb.

Dlouhodobou archivaci elektronického obsahu časopisu zajišťuje Portico.

HISTORICKÁ SOCIOLOGIE, Vol 11 No 1 (2019), 117–128

Max Weber, Islam, and Rationalization: A Comparative View

Toby Huff

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14712/23363525.2019.7
zveřejněno: 27. 06. 2019

Abstract

From his early studies, beginning with the Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Weber began to realize that religious orientations provide strong motivations to reshape, or rationalize the mundane world. He then found that rationalist inclinations also affected music and the arts, and thus seemed to penetrate all spheres of artistic, social, and political life. At the same time Weber’s inquiries deep into the history of law back to the Romans illustrated the same process of making the European legal system more systematic, logical, and tightly integrated. This resulted in a whole range of legal innovations such as constitutionalism, parliamentary democracy, elections by consent, a clearly defined notion of due process of law, the invention of legally autonomous corporate entities, and much more. This network of legal constructions I refer to as the hidden structure of modernity, greatly overlooked because of its being taken for granted. However, when a comparison with the development of Islamic law is undertaken, we discover that its legal rationalization led in an entirely different direction.

Klíčová slova: Max Weber; civilizations; rationalization; law; Islam; West

reference (47)

1. Adams, Norma - Donahue, Charles [1981]. Selected Cases from the Ecclesiastical Courts of the Province of Canterbury c. 1200-1301. London: The Selden Society.

2. Berman, Harold [1983]. Law and Revolution, The Formation of the Western Legal Tradition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

3. Brundage, James [2008]. The Medieval Origins of the Legal Professions. Canonists, Civilians, and Courts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

4. Cook, Michael [2003]. Forbidding Wrong in Islam. New York: Cambridge University Press.

5. Crone, Patricia [2004]. God's Rule. Six Centuries of Medieval Islamic Political Thought. New York: Columbia Press.

6. Csaplar, Richard [1976]. A Collection of Afghan Judicial Decisions. Mimeograph.

7. Frank, Richard [1992]. The Science of Kalam. Arabic Science and Philosophy 2 (1): 7-37. CrossRef

8. Gerth, Hans - Mills, C. Wright (eds.) [1946]. From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. New York: Oxford University.

9. Gratian. The treatise on Laws (Decretum DD. 1-20) [1992]. Translated by Augustine Thompson, O.P. with the Ordinary Gloss, and an Introduction by Katherine Christensen. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America.

10. Gutas, Dimitri [1998]. Greek Thought, Arabic Culture. The Graeco-Arabic Translation Movement in Baghdad and Early 'Abbasid Society (2nd-4th/8th-10th Centuries). London: Routledge.

11. Hallaq, Wael [1996]. The "qadi's diwan (sijill)" before the Ottomans. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 61 (3): 415-436. CrossRef

12. Hallaq, Wael [2005]. The Origins and Evolution of Islamic Law. New York: Cambridge University Press.

13. Hartmann, Wilfried - Pennington, Kenneth (eds.) [2008]. The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140-1234: From Gratian to the Decretals of Pope Gregory IX. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press.

14. Hartmann, Wilfried - Pennington, Kenneth (eds.) [2018]. The History of Courts and Procedure in Medieval Canon law. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.

15. Helmholz, Richard [1974]. Marriage Litigation in Medieval England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

16. Helmholtz, Richard [1996]. The Spirit of Classical Canon Law. The Athens: University of Georgia Press.

17. Hoeflich, Michael H. - Grabler, Jasonne M. [2008]. The Establishment of Normative Legal Tests. The Beginnings of the Ius Commune. In. Hartmann, Wilfried - Pennington, Kenneth (eds.). The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, pp. 1-21.

18. Huff, Toby - Schluchter, Wolfgang (eds.) [1999]. Max Weber & Islam. New Brunswick: Transaction Books.

19. Huff, Toby [2002]. Attitudes Towards Dissection in the History of European and Arabic Medicine. In. El Bouazatti, Bennacer (ed.). Science: Locality and Universality. Rabat: Mohammad V University Press, s. 61-88.

20. Huff, Toby [2017]. The Rise of Early Modern Science: Islam, China and the West. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (3rd edition).

21. Jacobs, Andrew - Buckley, Christopher [2015]. China Targeting Rights Lawyer in a Crackdown. New York Times, July 22, 2015.

22. Jennings, Ronald [1975]. The Office of Vekil (wakil) in the 17th Century Ottoman Courts. Studia Islamica 42: 147-169. CrossRef

23. Liebesny, Herbert [1983]. Judicial Systems in the Near East and Middle East: Evolutionary Development and Islamic Revival. The Middle East Journal 37 (2): 202-217.

24. Macauley, Melissa [1998]. Social Power and Legal Culture. Litigation Masters in Late Imperial China. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

25. Masud, Muhammad Khalil - Messick, Brinkley - Powers, David (eds.) [1996]. Islamic Legal Interpretation. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

26. Messick, Brinkley [1993]. The Calligraphic State. Textual Domination and History in a Muslim Society. Berkeley: University of California Press.

27. Palmer, Alex [2017]. The Last Line of Defense. New York Times Magazine, July 30, 2017 : 24-51.

28. Powers, David [2002]. Law, Society and Culture in the Maghrib, 1300-1500. New York: Cambridge University Press.

29. Rahman, Fazlur [1979]. Islam (2nd edition). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

30. Rahman, Fazlur [1982]. Islam & Modernity. Transformation of an Intellectual Tradition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

31. Ibn Rushd [1994]. The Distinguished Jurist's Primer (translated by Imran Ahsan Khan Nyazee). Second Volume. Reading: Garnet.

32. Schacht, Joseph [1964]. An Introduction to Islamic Law. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

33. Schluchter, Wolfgang [1979]. Max Weber's Vision of History. Berkeley: University of California Press.

34. Schluchter, Wolfgang [1981]. The Rise of Western Rationalism. Max Weber's Development History. Berkeley: University of California Press.

35. Schluchter, Wolfgang [1989]. Rationalism, Religion, and Domination. Berkeley: University of California Press.

36. Stein, Peter [1999]. Roman Law in European History. New York: Cambridge University Press.

37. Stern, Rachel E. [2017]. Activist Lawyers in Post-Tiananmen China. Law & Social Inquiry, 42 (1): 234-251. CrossRef

38. Ibn Warraq [1998]. The Origins of the Koran. Classic Essays on Islam's Holy Book. Amherst: Prometheus Book.

39. Watt, Montgomery [1974]. The Formative Period of Islam. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

40. Watt, Montgomery [1994]. Muslim Creeds. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

41. Weber, Marianne [1975]. Max Weber. A Biography. New York: Wiley.

42. Weber, Max [1954]. On Law and Economy (edited and translated Max Rheinstein and Edward Shils). New York: Simon and Schuster.

43. Weber, Max [1958]. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.

44. Weber, Max [1961]. General Economic History. New York: Collier - MacMillan.

45. Weber, Max [1964]. The Sociology of Religion. Boston: Beacon Press.

46. Wensinck, Jan [1932]. The Muslim Creed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

47. Whitson, Sarah Leah [2017]. Saudi Arabia's Shakedown. New York Times, December 1, 2017.

Creative Commons License
Max Weber, Islam, and Rationalization: A Comparative View is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

230 x 157 mm
vychází: 2 x ročně
cena tištěného čísla: 120 Kč
ISSN: 1804-0616
E-ISSN: 2336-3525

Ke stažení