Acta Universitatis Carolinae Kinanthropologica (AUC Kinanthropologica) is an international peer reviewed journal for the publication of research outcomes in the humanities, the social sciences and the natural sciences, as applied to kinathropology. It is a multidisciplinary journal accepting only original unpublished articles in English in the various sub-disciplines and related fields of kinanthropology, such as Anthropology, Anthropomotorics, Sports Pedagogy, Sociology of Sport, Philosophy of Sport, History of Sport, Physiology of Sport And Exercise, Physical Education, Applied Physical Education, Physiotherapy, Human Biomechanics, Psychology of Sport, Sports Training and Coaching, Sport Management, etc. The journal also welcomes interdisciplinary articles. The journal also includes reports of relevant activities and reviews of relevant publications.

The journal is abstracted and indexed by CNKI, DOAJ, EBSCO, ERIH PLUS, SPOLIT, SPORTDiscus, and Ulrichsweb.

AUC KINANTHROPOLOGICA, Vol 51 No 1 (2015), 41–50

Relationship between 1RM back squat test results and explosive movements in professional basketball players

Saša Jakovljević, Milivoje Karalejić, Zoran Pajić, Nenad Janković, Frane Erčulj

zveřejněno: 26. 11. 2015


The objectives of this study were related to the research of the relations between the abilities of professional basketball players in the performance of one repetition maximum (1RM) back squat and explosive movements, such as 5, 10 and 20-metre running, and vertical jump; as well as the detection and comparison of these abilities between players who play on the outside and inside positions. The study involved 35 professional basketball players (22 outside and 13 inside) who were selected as candidates for the national team of Bulgaria. Independent variables of muscular strength were obtained by applying the 1RM back squat test (142.06 ± 29.31 kg), and were normalized with respect to the body mass (1RM Squat/kg (1.51 ± 0.25)) and by applying suitable allometric exponent (1RM SquatAl (6.86 ± 1.16)). Dependent variables were obtained using two tests: 20-metre run (times registered at 5 and 10 metres) and vertical jump (used to calculate the variable peak anaerobic power (PAPW)). The results indicated that none of the variables of strength were significantly related to the speed performance, while moderate correlations occurred between the normalized strength variables (1RM Squat/kg and 1RM SquatAl) and vertical jump (r = 0.310 and r = 0.308 / p < 0.05). The results obtained show greater correlation (r = 0.660 / p < 0.01) in the ability to deliver power when performing squat and mechanical work performed in vertical jumps. Outside and inside players were significantly different in three variables only: peak anaerobic power, body height and body weight.

Klíčová slova: vertical jump; acceleration; peak anaerobic power; testing

reference (36)

1. Abdelkrim, B. N., Elfazaa, S., El Ati, J. (2007). Time-motion analysis and physiological data of elite under-19-year-old basketball players during competition. Brit J Sport Med, 41(2), 69–75. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

2. Bachle, T. R., Earle, R. W., Wathen, D. (2000). Resistance training. Essentials of strength training and conditioning. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. PubMed PubMed Central

3. Baker, D., Nance, S. (1999). The relation between running speed and measures of strength and power in professional rugby league players. J Strength Cond Res, 13, 230–235. CrossRef PubMed Central

4. Bloomfield, J., Ackland, T., Elliot, B. C. (1994). Applied Anatomy and Biomechanics in Sport. Melbourne: Blackwell Scientific Publications. PubMed Central

5. Carlock, J. M., Smith, S. L., Hartman, M. J., Morris, R. T., Ciroslan, D. A., Pierce, K. C., Newton, R. U., Harman, E. A., Sands, W. A., Stone, M. H. (2004). The relationship between vertical jump power estimates and weightlifting ability: a field-test approach. J Strength Cond Res, 18, 534–539. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

6. Chandler, J. T., Stone, M. H. (1991). The squat exercise an athletic conditioning: a position statement and revise of the literature. Strength Cond J, 13(5), 51–60. CrossRef PubMed Central

7. Chelly, M. S., Cherif, N., Amar, M. B., Hermassi, S., Fathloun, M., Bouhlel, E., Tabka, Z., Shephard, R. J. (2010). Relationships of peak leg power, 1 maximal repetition half back squat, and leg muscle volume to 5-m sprint performance of junior soccer players. J Strength Cond Res, 24(1), 266–271. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

8. Chelly, M. S., Fathloun, M., Cherif, N., Amar, M. B., Tabka, Z., Van Praagh, E. (2009). Effects of a back squat training program on leg power, jump, and sprint performances in junior soccer players. J Strength Cond Res, 23(8), 2241–2249. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

9. Crisafulli, A., Melis, F., Tocco, F., Laconi, P., Lai, C., Concu, A. (2002). External mechanical work versus oxidative energy consumption ratio during a basketball field test. J Sport Med Phys Fit, 42, 409–417. PubMed PubMed Central

10. Cronin, J. B., Hansen, K. T. (2005). Strength and power predictors of sports speed. J Strength Cond Res, 19(2), 349–357. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

11. Cronin, J. B., McNair, P. J., Marshall, R. N. (2003). Lunge performance and its determinants. J Sport Sci, 21(1), 49–57. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

12. Hedrick, A. (1993). Strength and power training for basketball. National Strength and Conditioning Association Journal, 15(4), 31–36. CrossRef PubMed Central

13. Hunter, G. R., Hilyer, J., Forster, M. A. (1993). Changes in Fitness During 4 Years of Intercollegiate Basketball. J Strength Cond Res, 7(1), 26–29. CrossRef PubMed Central

14. Jarić, S. (1997). Biomechanics of human locomotion with sports biomechanics. The second revised edition. Belgrade: Dosije. PubMed Central

15. Jarić, S. (2002). Muscle strength testing: use of normalisation for body size. Sports Med, 32, 615–631. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

16. Luhtanen, P., Komi, P. V. (1978). Mechanical factors influencing running speed. In: E. Asmussen, K. Jorgensen (Eds.). Baltimore: University Park Press, 23–29. PubMed Central

17. McBride, J. M., Blow, D., Kirby, T. J., Haines, T. L., Dayne, A. M., Triplett, N. T. (2009). Relationship between maximal squat strength and five, ten, and forty yard sprint times. J Strength Cond Res, 23(6), 1633–1636. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

18. Mero, A., Komi, P. V. (1994). EMG, Force, and Power Analysis of Sprint-Specific Strength Exercises. J Appl Biomech, 10(1), 1–13. PubMed Central

19. Ostojić, S. M., Mazić, S., Dikić, N. (2006). Profiling in basketball: physical and physiological characteristics of elite players. J Strength Cond Res, 20, 740–744. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

20. Sayers, S. P., Harackiewicz, D. V., Harman, E. A., Frykman, P. N., Rosenstein, M. T. (1999). Cross-validation of three jump power equations. Med Sci Sport Exer, 31(4), 572–577. CrossRef PubMed Central

21. Simenz, C. J., Dugan, C. A., Ebben, W. P. (2005). Strength and conditioning practices of national basketball association strength and conditioning coaches. J Strength Cond Res, 19(3), 495–504. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

22. Sotiropoulos, K., Smilios, I., Christou, M., Barzouka, K., Spaias, A., Douda, D., Tokmakidis, S. P. (2010). Effects of warm-up on vertical jump performance and muscle electrical activity using half-squats at low and moderate intensity. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 9, 326–331. PubMed PubMed Central

23. Spencer, M., Bishop, D., Dawson, B., Goodman, C. (2005). Physiological and metabolic responses of repeatedsprint activities specific to field-based tem sports. Sports Med, 35(12), 1025–1044. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

24. Stieg, J. L., Faulkinbury, J. K., Tran, T. T., Brown, L. E., Coburn, J. W., Judelson, D. A. (2011). Acute effects of depth jump volume on vertical jump performance in collegiate women soccer players. Kinesiology, 43(1), 25–30. PubMed Central

25. Stone, M. H., O'bryant, H. S., McCoy, L., Coglianese, R., Lehmkuhl, M., Schilling, B. (2003). Power and maximum strength relationships during performance of dynamic and static weighted jumps. J Strength Cond Res, 17(1), 140–147. CrossRef PubMed Central

26. Taylor, J. (2004). A tactical metabolic training model for collegiat basketball. Strength Cond J, 26(5), 22–29. CrossRef PubMed Central

27. Trninić, S., Dizdar, D. (2000). System of the performance evaluation criteria weighted per positions in the basketball game. Collegium Antropol, 24(1), 217–234. PubMed PubMed Central

28. Trninić, S., Karalejić, M., Jakovljević, S., Jelaska, I. (2010a). Structural analysis of knowledge based on principal attributes of the game of basketball. Physical Culture, 64(1), 5–25. PubMed Central

29. Trninić, S., Karalejić, M., Jakovljević, S., Jelaska, I. (2010b). Structural analysis of knowledge based on specific attributes of the game of basketball. Physical Culture, 64(2), 22–41. PubMed Central

30. Vanderburgh, P. M., Katch, F. I., Choenleber, J., Balabinis, C. P., Elliot, R. (1996). Multivariate allometric scaling of men's world indoor rowing champion performance. Med Sci Sport Exer, 28, 626–630. CrossRef PubMed Central

31. Wilson, G. J., Murphy, A. J., Walshe, A. (1996). The specificity of strength training: The effect of posture. J Appl Psychol, 73, 346–352. CrossRef PubMed Central

32. Wisløff, U., Castagna, C., Helgerud, J., Jones, R., Hoff, J. (2004). Strong correlation of maximal squat strength with sprint performance and vertical jump height in elite soccer players. Brit J Sport Med, 38(3), 285–288. CrossRef PubMed Central

33. Witmer, C. A., Davis, S. E., Moir, G. L. (2010). The acute effects of back squats on vertical jump performance in men and women. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 9, 206–213. PubMed PubMed Central

34. Young, W., Farrow, D. (2006). A review of agility: practical applications for strength and condiditoning. Strength Cond J, 28(5), 24–29. CrossRef PubMed Central

35. Zatsiorsky, M. V. (1995). Science and practice of strength training. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. PubMed PubMed Central

36. Ziv, G., Lidor, R. (2010). Vertical jump in female and male basketball players – A review of observational and experimental studies. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13, 332–339. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

157 x 230 mm
vychází: 2 x ročně
cena tištěného čísla: 190 Kč
ISSN: 1212-1428
E-ISSN: 2336-6052

Ke stažení