Acta Universitatis Carolinae Kinanthropologica (AUC Kinanthropologica) is an international peer reviewed journal for the publication of research outcomes in the humanities, the social sciences and the natural sciences, as applied to kinathropology. It is a multidisciplinary journal accepting only original unpublished articles in English in the various sub-disciplines and related fields of kinanthropology, such as Anthropology, Anthropomotorics, Sports Pedagogy, Sociology of Sport, Philosophy of Sport, History of Sport, Physiology of Sport And Exercise, Physical Education, Applied Physical Education, Physiotherapy, Human Biomechanics, Psychology of Sport, Sports Training and Coaching, Sport Management, etc. The journal also welcomes interdisciplinary articles. The journal also includes reports of relevant activities and reviews of relevant publications.

The journal is abstracted and indexed by CNKI, DOAJ, EBSCO, ERIH PLUS, SPOLIT, SPORTDiscus, and Ulrichsweb.

AUC KINANTHROPOLOGICA, Vol 57 No 2 (2021), 185–194

Effect of high protein diet in activity of antioxidants and level of inflammation on sprint athlete

Endang Sri Wahjuni, Soetanto Hartono

zveřejněno: 20. 12. 2021


This study aims to analyze the effect of a low-carbohydrate high-protein diet to increase the level of antioxidant, decrease inflammation and improve performance of athlete. The research was carried out by experimental research methods, within the design of “Randomized Control Group Pretest Posttest Design”. A sample was taken from 20 people who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria from 30 teenage athletes in PASI East Java sprints. The Data were collected by measuring the sprint results by finish photo camera and laboratory examinations to determine the levels of antioxidants (SOD) and the inflammation degree (TNF-α) in blood. The data were analyzed using multivariate technique (Manova) Hotelling’s method (T2). Hypothesis testing using α = 0.05. The results and conclusions of the study stated that the normal diet had no effect on the variables of sprint running speed, SOD and TNF-α levels. While low-carbohydrate and high-protein diet can increase SOD levels of 211.44/gHb, reduce (TNF-α) at least 0.309 pg/ml, and the average increase in antioxidant activity caused by low-carbohydrate-high-protein diet is 24.989/gHb higher than normal diet, the decrease in the degree of inflammation is 0.196 pg/ml, however, it has no effect on the speed of sprint.

klíčová slova: inflammation; SOD; TNF; food; diet

reference (37)

1. Arent, S. M., Pellegrino, J. K., Williams, C. A., DiFabio, D. A., & Greenwood, J. C. (2010). Nutritional Supplementation, Performance, and Oxidative Stress in College Soccer Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(4), 1117-1124. CrossRef PubMed

2. Bloomer, R. J., & Goldfarb, A. H. (2004). Anaerobic Exercise and Oxidative Stress: A Review. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, 29(3), 245-263. CrossRef PubMed

3. Bompa, T. O., & Haff, G. G. (2009). Periodization: Theory and Methodology of Training. 5th ed. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

4. Bosse, M. C., Davis, S. C., Puhl, S. M., Pedersen, M., Low, V., Reiner, L., Dominguez, T., & Seals, N. (2004). Effects of Zone diet macronutrient proportions on blood lipids, blood glucose, body composition, and treadmill exercise performance. Nutrition Research, 24(7), 521-530. CrossRef

5. Burke, L. M., Hawley, J. A., Wong, S. H. S., & Jeukendrup, A. E. (2011). Carbohydrates for training and competition. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(Supl. 1), S17-S27. CrossRef PubMed

6. Djauzi, S. (2002). Kursus Imunologi Dasar Penyakit Infeksi. Malang: Universitas Brawijaya.

7. Fleming, J., Sharman, M. J., Avery, N. G., Love, D. M., Gómez, A. L., Scheett, T. P., Kraemer, W. J., & Volek, J. S. (2003). Endurance Capacity and High-Intensity Exercise Performance Responses to a High-Fat Diet. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 13(4), 466-478. CrossRef PubMed

8. Gonzalez, Y., Herrera, M. T., Soldevila, G., Garcia-Garcia, L., Fabián, G., Pérez-Armendariz, E. M., Bobadilla, K., Guzmán-Beltrán, S., Sada, E., & Torres, M. (2012). High glucose concentrations induce TNF-α production through the down-regulation of CD33 in primary human monocytes. BMC Immunology, 13(1), 19. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

9. Hammouda, O., Chtourou, H., Chaouachi, A., Chahed, H., Ferchichi, S., Kallel, C., Chamari, K., & Souissi, N. (2012). Effect of Short-Term Maximal Exercise on Biochemical Markers of Muscle Damage, Total Antioxidant Status, and Homocysteine Levels in Football Players. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 3(4), 239-246. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

10. Harijanto (2006). Antioksidan dan Latihan Olahraga. Jurnal Kedokteran YARSI, 14(1), 70-77. PubMed Central

11. Hayashida, I., Tanimoto, Y., Takahashi, Y., Kusabiraki, T., & Tamaki, J. (2014). Correlation between Muscle Strength and Muscle Mass, and Their Association with Walking Speed, in Community-Dwelling Elderly Japanese Individuals. PLoS ONE, 9(11), e111810. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

12. Ikram, E. H. K., Eng, K. H., Jalil, A. M. M., Ismail, A., Idris, S., Azlan, A., Nazri, H. S. M., Diton, N. A. M., & Mokhtar, R. A. M. (2009). Antioxidant capacity and total phenolic content of Malaysian underutilized fruits. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 22(5), 388-393. CrossRef PubMed Central

13. Johnson, R., & Wichern, D. (1992). Applied Mulrivariate Statistical Analysis. Pretience Hall. PubMed Central

14. Jówko, E., Długołęcka, B., Makaruk, B., & Cieśliński, I. (2015). The effect of green tea extract supplementation on exercise-induced oxidative stress parameters in male sprinters. European Journal of Nutrition, 54(5), 783-791. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

15. Kitabchi, A. E., McDaniel, K. A., Wan, J. Y., Tylavsky, F. A., Jacovino, C. A., Sands, C. W., Nyenwe, E. A., & Stentz, F. B. (2013). Effects of High-Protein Versus High-Carbohydrate Diets on Markers of -Cell Function, Oxidative Stress, Lipid Peroxidation, Proinflammatory Cytokines, and Adipokines in Obese, Premenopausal Women Without Diabetes: A randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care, 36(7), 1919-1925. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

16. Kusnanik, N., Nasution, J., & Hartono, S. (2011). Dasar-dasar Fisiologi Olahraga. Unesa: Unesa University Press. PubMed Central

17. Lamprecht, M. (2015). Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition. Boca Raton. CrossRef PubMed Central

18. Maughan, R. J. (2009). Nutrition Needs of Athlets. In The Olympic Textbook of Science in Sport. Wiley-Blackwell. CrossRef PubMed Central

19. Nakhostin-Roohi, B., Babaei, P., Rahmani-Nia, F., & Bohlooli, S. (2008). Effect of vitamin C supplementation on lipid peroxidation, muscle damage and inflammation after 30-min exercise at 75% VO2max. The Journal of Nutrition, 48(2), 217-224. PubMed Central

20. Nieman, D. C., & Bishop, N. C. (2006). Nutritional strategies to counter stress to the immune system in athletes, with special reference to football. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24(7), 763-772. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

21. Pedersen, B. K., Ostrowski, K., Rohde, T., & Bruunsgaard, H. (2009). The cytokine response to strenuous exercise. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 76(5), 505-511. CrossRef PubMed Central

22. Powers, S. K., & Jackson, M. J. (2008). Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress: Cellular Mechanisms and Impact on Muscle Force Production. Physiological Reviews, 88(4), 1243-1276. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

23. Raglin, J. S., & Hanin, Y. L. (2000). Competitive anxiety. In: Y. L. Hanin (Ed.), Emotions in sport (pp. 93-111). Human Kinetics. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

24. Root, M. M., McGinn, M. C., Nieman, D. C., Henson, D. A., Heinz, S. A., Shanely, R. A., Knab, A. M., & Jin, F. (2012). Combined Fruit and Vegetable Intake Is Correlated with Improved Inflammatory and Oxidant Status from a Cross-Sectional Study in a Community Setting. Nutrients, 4(1), 29-41. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

25. Santoso, S. (2007). Kondisi Fisik Prima Sama Dengan Emas PON? Buletin KONI DIY. PubMed Central

26. Sears, B. (1997). Mastering The Zone. HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. PubMed Central

27. Sears, B. (2001). The Top 100 zone foods. Harper Collins Publisher, Inc. PubMed Central

28. Shanmugam, N., Reddy, M. A., Guha, M., & Natarajan, R. (2003). High Glucose-Induced Expression of Proinflammatory Cytokine and Chemokine Genes in Monocytic Cells. Diabetes, 52(5), 1256-1264. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

29. Silva, L. A., Pinho, C. A., Silveira, P. C. L., Tuon, T., De Souza, C. T., Dal-Pizzol, F., & Pinho, R. A. (2010). Vitamin E supplementation decreases muscular and oxidative damage but not inflammatory response induced by eccentric contraction. The Journal of Physiological Sciences, 60(1), 51. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

30. Sirajuddin, Surmita, & Astuti, T. (2018). Survey Konsumsi Pangan (Rezkina (ed.)). PubMed Central

31. Souza, T., Oliviera, P., & B, P. (2005). Physical exercise and oxidative stress, effect of intense physical exercise on urinary chemiluminescence and plasmatic malondialdehyde. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 11(1), 97-101. PubMed Central

32. Thompson, P. (1991). Introduction to Coaching Theory. International Amateur Athletic Federation. PubMed Central

33. Van Zant, R. S., Conway, J. M., & Seale, J. L. (2002). A moderate carbohydrate and fat diet does not impair strength performance in moderately trained males. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 42(1), 31-37. PubMed Central

34. Vogt, M., Puntschart, A., Howald, H., Mueller, B., Mannhart, C., Gfeller-Tuescher, L., Mullis, P., & Hoppeler, H. (2003). Effects of Dietary Fat on Muscle Substrates, Metabolism, and Performance in Athletes. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 35(6), 952-960. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

35. Williams, C. (2009). Physiological Demands of Sprinting and Multiple-Sprint Sports. In: Maughan, R. J. (Ed.), Olympic Textbook of Science in Sport (pp. 25-42). Wiley-Blackwell. CrossRef PubMed Central

36. Wilmore, J. H., & Costill, D. L. (2004). Physiology of sport and exercise. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. PubMed Central

37. Wood, L. G., Garg, M. L., Smart, J. M., Scott, H. A., Barker, D., & Gibson, P. G. (2012). Manipulating antioxidant intake in asthma: a randomized controlled trial. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 96(3), 534-543. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

Creative Commons License
Effect of high protein diet in activity of antioxidants and level of inflammation on sprint athlete is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

157 x 230 mm
vychází: 2 x ročně
cena tištěného čísla: 190 Kč
ISSN: 1212-1428
E-ISSN: 2336-6052

Ke stažení