Acta Universitatis Carolinae Kinanthropologica (AUC Kinanthropologica) is an international peer reviewed journal for the publication of research outcomes in the humanities, the social sciences and the natural sciences, as applied to kinathropology. It is a multidisciplinary journal accepting only original unpublished articles in English in the various sub-disciplines and related fields of kinanthropology, such as Anthropology, Anthropomotorics, Sports Pedagogy, Sociology of Sport, Philosophy of Sport, History of Sport, Physiology of Sport And Exercise, Physical Education, Applied Physical Education, Physiotherapy, Human Biomechanics, Psychology of Sport, Sports Training and Coaching, Sport Management, etc. The journal also welcomes interdisciplinary articles. The journal also includes reports of relevant activities and reviews of relevant publications.

The journal is abstracted and indexed by CNKI, DOAJ, EBSCO, ERIH PLUS, SPOLIT, SPORTDiscus, and Ulrichsweb.

AUC KINANTHROPOLOGICA, Vol 52 No 2 (2016), 5–18

Individual, social and environmental predictors of physical activity in severe to morbid obese African American adolescents

Jeffrey J. Martin, Kathryn Brogan-Hartlieb, Angela J. Jacques-Tiura, Sylvie Naar-King, Deborah A. Ellis, Kai-Lin Catherine Jen

zveřejněno: 22. 12. 2016


The purpose of this study was to predict low, moderate, hard and very hard physical activity (PA) and walking/biking/jogging based PA. One-hundred and fifty-nine severe to morbid obese African-American adolescents participated. We predicted 8% of the variance in hard PA largely due to family support and 10% of the variance in very hard PA due to other support (e.g. counselor) and having home PA equipment. We also predicted 10% of the variance in walking/biking/jogging due to the walkability of the neighborhood. Our findings support the value of social support and environmental supports in helping obese African American adolescents increase PA.

Klíčová slova: health; self-esteem; adolescents; obesity; minority

reference (46)

1. Bassett Jr, D. R., Pucher, J., Buehler, R., Thompson, D. L., & Crouter, S. E. (2008). Walking, cycling, and obesity rates in Europe, North America, and Australia. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 5(6), 795–814. CrossRef

2. Carson, V., Rinaldi, R. L., Torrance, B., Maximova, K., Ball, G. D. C., Majumdar, S. R., … & McGavock, J. (2013). Vigorous physical activity and longitudinal associations with cardiometabolic risk factors in youth. International Journal of Obesity, 38(1), 16–21. CrossRef PubMed

3. Castelli, D. M., Hillman, C. H., Hirsch, J., Hirsch, A., & Drollette, E. (2011). FIT Kids: Time in target heart zone and cognitive performance. Preventive Medicine, 52, S55–S59. CrossRef PubMed

4. Cerin, E., Conway, T. L., Saelens, B. E., Frank, L. D., & Sallis, J. F. (2009). Cross-validation of the factorial structure of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS) and its abbreviated form (NEWS-A). International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 6(1), 32, 1–10. CrossRef

5. Cohen, J. (1994). The earth is round (p < 0.05). American Psychologist, 49(12), 997–1003. CrossRef

6. Colditz, G. (1999). Economic costs of obesity and inactivity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31, S663–S667. CrossRef

7. Crawford, P. B., Story, M., Wang, M. C., Ritchie, L. D., & Sabry, Z. I. (2001). Ethnic issues in the epidemiology of childhood obesity. Pediatric Clinics North America, 48(4), 855–878. CrossRef

8. Cronbach, L. J. (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika, 16(3), 297–334. CrossRef

9. Curry, L. A., & Snyder, C. R. (2000). Hope takes the field: Mind matters in athletic performances. In: C. R. Snyder (Ed.), Handbook of hope: Theory, measures, and applications (pp. 243–259). San Diego, CA, US: Academic Press, XXV, 440 pp. CrossRef

10. Curry, L. A., Snyder, C. R., Cook, D. L., Ruby, B. C., & Rehm, M. (1997). Role of hope in academic and sport achievement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73(6), 1257–1267. CrossRef PubMed

11. Duncan, S. C., Duncan, T. E., & Strycker, L. A. (2005). Sources and types of social support in youth physical activity. Health Psychology, 24(1), 3–10. CrossRef PubMed

12. Ekkakakis, P., Lind, E., & Vazou, S. (2010). Affective responses to increasing levels of exercise intensity in normal-weight, overweight, and obese middle-aged women. Obesity, 18(1), 79–85. CrossRef PubMed

13. Ellis, D. A., Berio, H., Idalski-Carcone, A., & Naar-King, S. (2011). Adolescent and parent motivation for change affects psychotherapy outcomes among youth with poorly controlled diabetes. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 37(1), 75–84. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

14. Flegal, K. M., Kit, B. K., Orpana, H., & Graubard, B. I. (2013). Association of all-cause mortality with overweight and obesity using standard body mass index categories: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of American Medical Association, 309(1), 71–82. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

15. Franks, B. D., & Huck, S. W. (1986). Why does everyone use the. 05 significance level? Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 57(3), 245–249. CrossRef PubMed Central

16. Friedenreich, C. M., & Orenstein, M. R. (2002). Physical activity and cancer prevention: etiologic evidence and biological mechanisms. The Journal of Nutrition, 132, 3456S–3464S. PubMed PubMed Central

17. Fritz, C. O., Morris, P. E., & Richler, J. J. (2012). Effect size estimates: Current use, calculations, and interpretation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141(1), 2–18. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

18. Gomez, J. E., Johnson, B. A., Selva, M., & Sallis, J. F. (2004). Violent crime and outdoor physical activity among inner city youth. Preventative Medicine, 39(5), 876–881. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

19. Goran, M. I., Reynolds, K. D., & Lindquist, C. H. (1999). Role of physical activity in the prevention of obesity in children. International Journal of Obesity, 23, S18–S33. CrossRef PubMed Central

20. Gordon-Larsen, P., McMurray, R. G., & Popkin, B. M. (2000). Determinants of adolescent physical activity and inactivity patterns. Pediatric Exercise Science, 105(6), e83. CrossRef PubMed Central

21. Gutin, B., Yin, Z., Humphries, M. C., & Barbeau, P. (2005). Relations of moderate and vigorous physical activity to fitness and fatness in adolescents. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 81(4), 746–750. PubMed PubMed Central

22. Hall, E. E., Ekkekakis, P., & Petruzzello, S. J. (2002). The affective beneficence of vigorous exercise revisited. British Journal of Health Psychology, 7(1), 47–66. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

23. Hsu, Y. W., Chou, C. P., Nguyen-Rodriguez, S. T., McClain, A. D., Belcher, B. R., & Spruijt-Metz, D. (2011). Influences of social support, perceived barriers, and negative meanings of physical activity on physical activity in middle school students. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 8(2), 210–219. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

24. Jakicic, J. M., Winters, C., Lang, W., & Wing, R. R. (1999). Effects of intermittent exercise and use of home exercise equipment on adherence, weight loss, and fitness in overweight women: a randomized trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 282(16), 1554–1560. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

25. Lee, I. M., & Paffenbarger, R. S. (2000). Associations of light, moderate, and vigorous intensity physical activity with longevity The Harvard Alumni Health Study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 151(3), 293–299. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

26. Loy, B. D., O'Connor, P. J., & Dishman, R. K. (2013). The effect of a single bout of exercise on energy and fatigue states: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Fatigue: Biomedicine, Health & Behavior, 1(4), 223–242. CrossRef PubMed Central

27. MacDonell, K. E., Naar-King, S., Murphy, D. A., Parsons, J. T., & Harper, G. W. (2010). Predictors of medication adherence in high risk youth of color living with HIV. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 35(6), 593–601. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

28. Martin, J. J., & McCaughtry, N. (2008). Using social cognitive theory to predict physical activity in inner city African American school children. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 30(4), 378–391. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

29. Martin, J. J., McCaughtry, N., Shen, B., Fahlman, M., Garn, A., & Ferry, M. (2012). Resiliency, control, enjoyment, and physical activity in African American high school students. Sport Science Review, 20(5–6), 53–71. PubMed Central

30. McCaughtry, N., Barnard, S., Martin, J., Shen, B., & Kulinna, P. H. (2006). Teachers' perspectives on the challenges of teaching physical education in urban schools: The student emotional filter. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 77(4), 486–497. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

31. Murtagh, J., Dixey, R., & Rudolf, M. (2006). A qualitative investigation into the levers and barriers to weight loss in children: opinions of obese children. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 91(11), 920–923. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

32. Naar-King, S., Ellis, D., Idalski Carcone, A., Templin, T., Jacques-Tiura, A. J., Brogan, K., Cunningham, P., & Jen, K.-L. C. (2016). Sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART) to construct weight loss interventions for African American adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 45(4), 428–41. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

33. Ogden, C. L., Johnson, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Curtin, L. R., & Flegal, K. M. (2004). Prevalence of overweight and obesity among US children, adolescents, and adults, 1999–2002. Journal of the American Medical Association, 291(23), 2847–2850. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

34. Pate, R. R., Ross, R., Dowda, M., Trost, S. G., & Sirard, J. R. (2003). Validation of a 3-day physical activity recall instrument in female youth. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15(3), 257–265. CrossRef PubMed Central

35. Pronk, N. P., Crouse, S. F., & Rohack, J. J. (1995). Maximal exercise and acute mood response in women. Physiology and Behavior, 57(1), 1–4. CrossRef PubMed Central

36. Rosenberg, D. E., Sallis, J. F., Kerr, J., Maher, J., Norman, G. J., Durant, N., Harris, S. K., & Saelens, B. E. (2010). Brief scales to assess physical activity and sedentary equipment in the home. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7(10). CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

37. Saelens, B. E., Sallis, J. F., Black, J. B., & Chen, D. (2003). Neighborhood-based differences in physical activity: an environment scale evaluation. American Journal of Public Health, 93(9), 1552–1558. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

38. Snyder, C. R., Sympson, S. C., Ybasco, F. C., Borders, T. F., Babyak, M. A., & Higgins, R. L. (1996). Development and validation of the State Hope Scale. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(2), 321–335. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

39. Stott, N. C., Rollnick, S., Rees, M. R., & Pill, R. M. (1995). Innovation in clinical method: diabetes care and negotiating skills. Family Practice, 12(4), 413–418. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

40. Sturm, R. (2007). Increases in morbid obesity in the USA: 2000–2005. Public Health, 121(7), 492–496. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

41. Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2001). Using multivariate statistics (4th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon. U. S. Census Bureau. (2008). Retrieved May 14, 2008, from PubMed Central

42. U. S. Department of Health and Human Services and United States Department of Education. (2000). Promoting better health for young people through physical activity and sports: A report to the President from the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Secretary of Education. Silver Spring, MD: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. PubMed Central

43. Yancey, A. K., Ory, M. G., & Davis, S. M. (2006). Dissemination of physical activity promotion interventions in underserved populations. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 31, S82–S91. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

44. Warziski, M. T., Sereika, S. M., Styn, M. A., Music, E., & Burke, L. E. (2008). Changes in self-efficacy and dietary adherence: the impact on weight loss in the PREFER study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 31(1), 81–92. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

45. Wong, W. W., Ortiz, C. L., Lathan, D., Moore, L. A., Konzelmann, K. L., Adolph, A. L., Smith, O., & Butte, N. F. (2012). Underserved minority children are not meeting the US public health recommendation for moderate-vigorous physical activity. Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy, 2(4), 1–5. CrossRef PubMed Central

46. Zabinski, M. F., Saelens, B. E., Stein, R. I., Hayden-Wade, H. A., & Wilfley, D. E. (2003). Overweight children's barriers to and support for physical activity. Obesity Research, 11(2), 238–246. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

Creative Commons License
Individual, social and environmental predictors of physical activity in severe to morbid obese African American adolescents is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

157 x 230 mm
vychází: 2 x ročně
cena tištěného čísla: 190 Kč
ISSN: 1212-1428
E-ISSN: 2336-6052

Ke stažení