Právněhistorické studie / Legal History Studies (Charles University journal; below referred to as PHS or Journal) is a scientific journal listed in the international prestigious database SCOPUS. The journal is published by Charles University in Prague under the guarantee of the Department of Legal History of the Faculty of Law of Charles University. It is published by the Karolinum Press. The journal focuses on the field of legal history and related topics.

Issue 1 of the Journal was published by the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences Publishing in June 1955. The Journal was initially published by the Cabinet of Legal History of the Czechoslovak Academy of Science (CSAV), later by the Institute of State and Law (CSAV) and then by the Institute of Legal History of the Faculty of Law of Charles University.

PHS is issued three times a year in April, August, and December and it presents original scientific works/papers as well as reviews, annotations and news from the scientific field of legal history. It also introduces annotated texts of a legal history nature. PHS accepts manuscripts from domestic as well as foreign authors. Manuscripts submitted by foreign authors are published in original language, namely in English, Slovak, German, French, Italian or Polish.

PHS (ISSN 0079-4929) is registered in the Czech national ISSN centre (supervised by the State Technical Library). The Journal is registered by the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic according to Act No. 46/2000 Sb., on Rights and Liabilities for the Publishing of Periodicals and Change of Some Acts (Press Act), and it is allocated with registration number of periodical press MK E 18813.

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The journal is archived in Portico.

PRÁVNĚHISTORICKÉ STUDIE, Vol 45 No 2 (2015), 97–114

Legislatívne aspekty populačnej politiky Slovenského štátu (1939–1945)

[Legal Aspects of Population Policy of Slovak State (1939–1945)]

Michal Malatinský

published online: 30. 05. 2016


Since the twenties of the 20th century there was a gradual drop in childbirth in Slovakia. This, together with the ideological fundaments of the Hlinka’s Slovak People’s Party and the influence of the catholic social doctrine, resulted in considerable legislative activity in the area of population politics during the existence of the Slovak state (1939–1945). Consequently, several pro-population measures were established or extended. After two years of legislative process, child benefits for children of workers were adopted in 1941. This also inspired extended post-war legal regulation, which was enacted for the whole Czechoslovak republic. In the effort to negatively motivate citizens to establish families and to have at least two children, the already existing tax on single people was raised. Also due to the influence of the catholic teachings in 1941 a special law was enacted, which tightened penalties for abortions and also criminalised other actions aimed at restricting fertility, e. g. the distribution of drugs with solely contraceptive effect. The statistical data shows that the birth-rate in Slovakia rose during the examined period. However, it is questionable, to which extent it was caused by the above-mentioned legislative measures and to which extent it was caused by other factors.

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