Acta Universitatis Carolinae Iuridica (AUC Iuridica) is a legal journal published since 1955, which presents longer essays as well as short articles on topics relevant for legal theory and international, European and Czech law. It also publishes works concerning current legislative problems.

Although intended primarily for domestic audience, AUC Iuridica is useful also for foreign experts, who can take advantage of summaries in foreign languages (English, German and French) and key words, which are systematically added to the main articles and essays.

The published articles are subject to peer reviews. If necessary, reviewed texts are sent back to the author for revision.

AUC Iuridica accepts contributions from any contributor on any current legal topic.

The journal is registered in the Czech National Bibliography (kept by the National Library of the Czech Republic) and in the Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals (kept by the American Association of Law Libraries).

The journal is archived in Portico.

AUC IURIDICA, Vol 65 No 2 (2019), 91–102

Změny společné obchodní politiky po posudku Soudního dvora EU k dohodě o volném obchodu EU–Singapur

[Changes in the Common Commercial Policy after the Court of Justice of the EU’s Opinion on the EU-Singapore Free Trade Agreement]

Ondřej Svoboda

announced: 20. 06. 2019


The Common commercial policy of the European Union expanded in its scope after the Lisbon Treaty by codification of previous case law of the Court of Justice of the EU (or the European Court of Justice) and an inclusion of foreign direct investment. Still, its boundaries have remained unclear. This state regularly created competences disputes between the European Commission and the Council on which parts of new ambitious free trade agreement negotiated by the Union are of exclusive or shared nature. Finally, in case of the EU-Singapore Free Trade Agreement (EUSFTA), the European Commission decided to request an opinion of the Court on the legal nature of the agreement. Due to its precedential value, the Court’s opinion has had significant implications on current and future development of the EU common commercial policy.

keywords: common commercial policy; European Union; Lisbon Treaty; division of competences; free trade agreement

references (42)

1. ARAUJO, B. A. M. The EU Deep Trade Agenda. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.

2. A-1/75, ECR 1355. 1975.

3. A-1/78. ECR 287. 1979.

4. A-2/15. ECLI:EU:C:2017:376. 2017

5. BALAŠ, V., ŠTURMA, P. Nové mezinárodní dohody na ochranu investic. Praha: Wolters Kluwer, 2018.

6. BASEDOW, J. R. The EU in the Global Investment Regime: The Commission Entrepreneurship, Incremental Institutional Change and Business Lethargy. London, Abingdon, New York: Routledge, 2018. CrossRef

7. BISCHOFF, J. A. 'Just a little bit of "mixity"? The EU's role in the field of international investment protection law. Common Market Law Review, 2011, Vol. 48, č. 5.

8. Council of the European Union. Council extends mandate for free trade talks with ASEAN. 15000/13 PRESSE 424, 18. 10. 2013.

9. Council of the European Union. Directives for the negotiation on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership between the European Union and the United States of America. ST 11103/13 DCL 1, 9. 10. 2014.

10. Council of the European Union. Outcome of the Council Meeting, 3618th Council meeting. 9102/18, 22. 5. 2018.

11. C-21/72, International Fruit Company NV and Others v Produktschap voor Groenten en Fruit, ECLI:EU:C:1972:115

12. C-22/70, Commission of the European Communities v Council of the European Communities, EU:C:1971:32.

13. C-137/12, Evropská komise proti Radě Evropské unie, ECLI:EU:C:2013:441.

14. C-414/11, Daiichi Sankyo Co. Ltd a Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH proti DEMO Anonymos Viomichaniki kai Emporiki Etairia Farmakon, ECLI:EU:C:2013:520.

15. DE LA TORRE, F. C. The Court of Justice and External Competences After Lisbon: Some Reflections on the Latest Case Law. In: EECKHOUT, P., LOPEZ-ESCUDERO, M. (eds.). The European Union's External Action in Times of Crisis. Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2016.

16. DE WAELE, H. Legal Dynamics of EU External Relations: Dissecting a Layered Global Player. Berlin: Springer, 2017. CrossRef

17. DÜR, A., ELSIG, M. Introduction: The Purpose, Design and Effects of Preferential Trade Agreements. In DÜR, A., ELSIG, M. (eds.). Trade Cooperation: The Purpose, Design and Effects of Preferential Trade Agreements. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. CrossRef

18. EECKHOUT, P. EU External Relations Law. 2. vyd. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. CrossRef

19. Evropská komise. EU a Singapur prohlubují hospodářské a politické vztahy. 19. 10. 2018.

20. Evropská komise. Obchod: Evropská komise navrhuje podpis a uzavření dohod s Japonskem a Singapurem. 18. 4. 2018.

21. Evropská komise. Sdělení Komise Globální Evropa: konkurenceschopnost ve světě. KOM(2006) 567, 4. 10. 2006.

22. Evropská komise. Summit EU-Japonsko: přelomový okamžik pro obchod a spolupráci. 17. 7. 2018.

23. European Parliament. Free Trade Agreement between the EU and the Republic of Singapore - Analysis. Brusel, 2018.

24. European Commission. EU and Singapore present text of comprehensive free trade agreement. 20. září 2013.

25. European Commission. Singapore: The Commission to Request a Court of Justice Opinion on the trade deal. 30. 10. 2014.

26. FECÁK, T. Mezinárodní dohody o ochraně investic a právo Evropské unie. Praha: Wolters Kluwer, 2015.

27. HOFFMEISTER, F. Of Transferred Competence, Institutional Balance and Judicial Autonomy - Constitutional Developments in EU Trade Policy Seven Years after Lisbon. In: CZUCZAI, J., NAERT, F. (eds.). The EU as a Global Actor - Bridging Legal Theory and Practice: Liber Amicorum in honour of Ricardo Gosalbo Bono. Leiden: Brill | Nijhoff, 2017.

28. KADDOUS, C. The Transformation of the EU Common Commercial Policy. In: EECKHOUT, P., LOPEZ-ESCUDERO, M. (eds.). The European Union's External Action in Times of Crisis. Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2016.

29. LAIRD, I., PETILLION, F. Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement, ISDS and the Belgian Veto: A Warning of Failure for Future Trade Agreements with the EU?. Global Trade and Customs Journal, 2017, Vol. 12, č. 4.

30. LAVRANOS, N. Mixed Exclusivity: The CJEU's Opinion on the EU-Singapore FTA. Investment Law and Arbitration Review, 2017, Vol. 2. CrossRef

31. LECYZKIEWCZ, D. Common Commercial Policy: The Expanding Competence of the European Union in the Area of International Trade. German Law Journal, 2005, Vol. 6, č. 11. CrossRef

32. PALMER, D. Malmström to unveil investment dispute plan for TTIP. In: POLITICO [online]. 5. 5. 2015 [cit. 2019-01-04]. Dostupné na: <>.

33. Rada Evropské unie. EU-Singapur: Rada přijala rozhodnutí o podpisu obchodní a investiční dohody. 15. 10. 2018.

34. ROEDERER-RYNNING, C., KALLETRUP, M. National parliaments and the new contentiousness of trade. Journal of European Integration. 2017, Vol. 39, č. 7. CrossRef

35. ROSSI, L. S. Does the Lisbon Treaty Provide a Clearer Separation of Competences between EU and Member States?. In: BIONDI, A., EECKHOUT, P., RIPLEY, S. (eds.). EU Law after Lisbon. Oxford: Oxford University Publishing, 2012. CrossRef

36. SERRANO, A. S. From External Policy to Free Trade: The EU-Singapore Free Trade Agreement. In: EECKHOUT, P., LOPEZ-ESCUDERO, M. (eds.). The European Union's External Action in Times of Crisis. Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2016.

37. SVOBODA, O. Systém investičního soudu: Překotný rozchod Evropské unie s investiční arbitráží. Právník. 2019, Vol. 158, č. 4. CrossRef

38. SVOBODA, O. TTIP and ISDS: not irreconcilable acronyms. Czech Yearbook of Public & Private International Law, 2015, Vol. 6.

39. SVOBODA, O. Uzavření Komplexní hospodářské a obchodní dohody EU-Kanada (CETA) a výzvy efektivnímu vedení společné obchodní politiky. Současná Evropa, 2017, Vol. 22, č. 2 CrossRef

40. SVOBODA, P. Právo vnějších vztahů. 1. vyd. Praha: C.H. Beck, 2010.

41. Usnesení Evropského parlamentu ze dne 5. července 2016 k nové a inovativní budoucí strategii pro obchod a investice (2015/2105(INI)).

42. VAN DAMME, I. Case C-414/11 Daiichi: The Impact of the Lisbon Treaty on the Competence of the European Union over the TRIPS Agreement. Cambridge International Law Journal, 2015, Vol. 4, č. 1. CrossRef

Creative Commons License
Změny společné obchodní politiky po posudku Soudního dvora EU k dohodě o volném obchodu EU–Singapur is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

230 x 157 mm
published: 4 x per year
print price: 65 czk
ISSN: 0323-0619
E-ISSN: 2336-6478