PRAGUE MEDICAL REPORT
Association Study of MBL2 Gene Polymorphisms and Risk of Tuberculosis in Southeast of Iran
Mohsen Taheri, Rezvan Karimloo, Hosna Sarani, Behrouz Molashahi, Mohammad Naderi, Gholamreza Bahari, Mohammad Hashemi
zveřejněno: 03. 12. 2020
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is an acute phase protein which recognizes the pathogens through its carbohydrate recognition domain. It is an important part of human innate immunity. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of MBL2 polymorphism on pulmonary tuberculosis in a number of patients from the southeast of Iran. In this case-control study, 2 MBL gene polymorphisms (rs1800450, rs7095891) were genotyped using PCR-RFLP method and polymerase chain reaction for detection of 34bp ins/del of MBL2 gene (rs777980157) polymorphism. The study included 170 patients with PTB (pulmonary tuberculosis) and 175 control subjects. The findings indicated that the GA (GA vs. GG: OR=0.172, 95% CI=0.107–0.275, P<0.001) (OR – odds ratio; CI – confidence interval) genotype as well as GA+AA (GA+AA vs. GG: OR=0.191, 95% CI=0.120–0.302, P<0.001) genotype of rs1800450 reduced the risk of PTB compared to GG genotype. The rs7095891 variant significantly decreased the risk of PTB in codominant (GA vs. GG: OR=0.118, 95% CI=0.054–0.258, P<0.001; and AA vs. GG: OR=0.029, 95% CI=0.01–0.082, P<0.001), dominant (GA+AA vs. GG: OR=0.095, 95% CI=0.044–0.207, P<0.001) and recessive (AA vs. GA+GG: OR=0.172, CI=0.081–0.365, P<0.001) inheritance models. No significant relationship was identified between the rs777980157 variant and PTB risk/protection. In conclusion, we found that the MBL2 rs1800450 and rs7095891 polymorphisms provide relative protection against PTB. Additional studies on larger populations with different ethnicities are required to verify our findings.
Klíčová slova: Tuberculosis; MBL2; Polymorphism; Genotype
Association Study of MBL2 Gene Polymorphisms and Risk of Tuberculosis in Southeast of Iran is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.