ACTA MEDICA, Vol 62 No 4 (2019), 156–160
Severe Hypercalcemia Secondary to Primary Hyperparathyroidism in a Nonagenarian Man: Pitfall of Common Imaging Techniques, Localization by 18F-Choline Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography and Successful Management with Calcimimetics
Luca Foppiani, Gianluca Bottoni, Arnoldo Piccardo
zveřejněno: 10. 02. 2020
A nonagenarian hypertensive man with chronic kidney disease (CKD) was admitted to the emergency department for gastrointestinal symptoms and worsening symptoms of depression. Severe hypercalcemia (15.3 mg/dL) was found and he was hospitalized. Fluids, loop diuretics and glucocorticoids were administered intravenously, which partially reduced calcium levels over a few days and improved his clinical condition. PTH levels proved increased (306 pg/mL) and 25-OHD levels were reduced; primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) was diagnosed. Neck ultrasonography (USG) did not show parathyroid enlargement, nor did 99mTechnetium-sestamibi (SESTAMIBI) scintigraphy reveal hyperfunctioning parathyroid glands. By contrast, 18F-choline PET/CT evidenced a nodule located close to the oesophagus, behind the right thyroid lobe, which proved compatible with a hyperfunctioning parathyroid gland. Since the patient declined surgery, and zoledronate was unfit owing to areas of rarefaction of the jaw, the calcimimetic cinacalcet was started; the dosage was progressively titrated up to 120 mg/day with normalisation of calcium levels over time. PTH levels, however, proved erratic and showed an upward trend over the first year of therapy; however its levels partially decreased following increase of vitamin D levels by replacement therapy. Cinacalcet is a useful and safe drug, which can normalise calcium levels and improve the clinical condition, even in very old patients with severe PHPT who decline or are unfit for surgery.
Klíčová slova: primary hyperparathyroidism; hypercalcemia; 18F-Choline PET/CT; cinacalcet
Severe Hypercalcemia Secondary to Primary Hyperparathyroidism in a Nonagenarian Man: Pitfall of Common Imaging Techniques, Localization by 18F-Choline Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography and Successful Management with Calcimimetics is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.