Vaping Associated Acute Eosinophilic Pneumonia: A Clinical and Radiologic Mimicker of COVID-19
Alyssa Bonnier, Anum Nida, Woon Hean Chong, Santu Saha, Biplab K. Saha
zveřejněno: 22. 09. 2023
Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP) is a rare cause of respiratory failure. It is primarily a disease of smokers, either a new smoker or an existing one with a recent increase in cigarette consumption. Other risk factors include toxic gas exposure, inhalational illicit drugs, and smoking marijuana. AEP has also been reported in patients with e-cigarette or vaping associated lung injury (EVALI). We present the case of a 20-year-old male who presented to the hospital with acute respiratory failure. The patient has been vaping heavily for the past three months and started smoking three days before presenting to the emergency department. He was hypertensive, tachycardic, tachypneic, and required high-flow nasal cannula to maintain SpO2 > 92%. His condition deteriorated in the first 24 hours following hospitalization requiring noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. Bronchoalveolar lavage revealed an eosinophil count of 36%. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cytology revealed lipid-laden macrophages. He was diagnosed with AEP due to EVALI, and the patient was treated with high dose corticosteroid with subsequent improvement. Before the bronchoscopic evaluation, the clinical and radiologic findings were consistent with COVID-19, and the patient was tested twice for SARS-CoV-2 PCR. In the appropriate clinical setting, AEP should be considered in the differential diagnoses of community-acquired pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and COVID-19, especially in this pandemic era.
klíčová slova: Vaping; Lung injury; Acute eosinophilic pneumonia; AEP; Smoking
Vaping Associated Acute Eosinophilic Pneumonia: A Clinical and Radiologic Mimicker of COVID-19 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.