Právněhistorické studie / Legal History Studies (Charles University journal; below referred to as PHS or Journal) is a scientific journal listed in the international prestigious database SCOPUS. The journal is published by Charles University in Prague under the guarantee of the Department of Legal History of the Faculty of Law of Charles University. It is published by the Karolinum Press. The journal focuses on the field of legal history and related topics.

Issue 1 of the Journal was published by the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences Publishing in June 1955. The Journal was initially published by the Cabinet of Legal History of the Czechoslovak Academy of Science (CSAV), later by the Institute of State and Law (CSAV) and then by the Institute of Legal History of the Faculty of Law of Charles University.

PHS is issued three times a year in April, August, and December and it presents original scientific works/papers as well as reviews, annotations and news from the scientific field of legal history. It also introduces annotated texts of a legal history nature. PHS accepts manuscripts from domestic as well as foreign authors. Manuscripts submitted by foreign authors are published in original language, namely in English, Slovak, German, French, Italian or Polish.

PHS (ISSN 0079-4929) is registered in the Czech national ISSN centre (supervised by the State Technical Library). The Journal is registered by the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic according to Act No. 46/2000 Sb., on Rights and Liabilities for the Publishing of Periodicals and Change of Some Acts (Press Act), and it is allocated with registration number of periodical press MK E 18813.

PHS is an open journal and ensures open access to scientific data (Open Access). The entire content is released as open to the public on the web pages of the journal.

The journal is archived in Portico.

PRÁVNĚHISTORICKÉ STUDIE, Vol 51 No 3 (2021), 85–99

Vybrané právní aspekty otroctví v Hostině u Trimalchiona

[Selected Aspects of Slavery in Dinner at Trimalchio’s]

Lenka Skoupá

announced: 20. 12. 2021


This paper deals with the portrayal of slavery in the specific chapter of Petronius’ Satyricon. The main aim of the paper is to compare the information we gain about slavery from the legal sources with the way these institutions are then portrayed within the Satyricon. Specifically, the paper focuses on the legal aspects of entry into slavery (birth, self-sale), transfer of ownership (sale and warranty for goods) and manumission.

keywords: Roman law; Satyricon; slavery; self-sale; sale of slaves; warranty for goods; manumissio inter amicos; manumissio testamento; manumissio per mensam

references (39)

1. BAGNANI, G. The House of Trimalchio. The American Journal of Philology, 1954, Vol. 75, No. 1, s. 16-39. CrossRef

2. BAGNANI, G. Trimalchio. Phoenix, 1954, Vol. 8, No. 3, s. 77-91. CrossRef

3. BECK, Ch. The Age of Petronius Arbiter. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1857, Vol. 6, No. 1, s. 21-178. CrossRef

4. BERAN, K. Persona servilis. In: BĚLOVSKÝ, P. - STLOUKALOVÁ, K. (eds.) Caro amico: 60 kapitol Michala Skřejpka, aneb, Římské právo napříč staletími. Praha: Auditorium, 2017, s. 57-65.

5. BERGER, A. Encyclopedic Dictionary of Roman Law. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 1953, Vol. 43, No. 2, s. 333-809. CrossRef

6. BUCKLAND, W. W. The Roman Law of Slavery. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010. CrossRef

7. COLUMELLA, L. J. M. De Re Rustica. Překl.: ASH, H. B. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1941. LacusCurtius. Dostupné na:*.html.

8. CONTE, G. B. Dějiny římské literatury. Překl: BARTOŇKOVÁ, D. Praha: KLP, 2003. Dostupné na:

9. CONNORS, C. M. Petronius the Poet. Cambridge University Press, 2009. CrossRef

10. The Digest or Pandects of Justinian. Překl.: SCOTT, S. P. Dostupné na:

11. Digesta seu Pandectae. Tomus I. Liber I-XV. Fragmenta selecta. Digesta neboli Pandekty. Svazek I. Kniha I-XV. Vybrané části. SKŘEJPEK, M. (ed.). Překl: BLAHO, P. - SKŘEJPEK, M. - VAŇKOVÁ, J. - ŽYTEK, J. Praha: Karolinum, 2015.

12. DRINKWATER, J. F. (ed.). Nero: Emperor and Court. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. CrossRef

13. Gaius: učebnice práva ve čtyřech knihách. Překl: KINCL, J. Plzeň: Aleš Čeněk, 2007.

14. GARDNER, J. F. Proofs of status in the Roman World. Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, 1986, No. 33, s. 1-14. Dostupné na: CrossRef

15. GARNSEY, P. et al. The Social Hierarchy. In: GARNSEY, P. - SALLER, R. - ELSNER, J. - GOODMAN, M. - GORDON, R. - WOOLF, G. (eds.). The Roman Empire: Economy, Society and Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2015, s. 131-150. Dostupné na: CrossRef

16. HEYROVSKÝ, L. Instituce římského práva. Praha: J. Otto, 1894. Dostupné na:

17. HORDEN, P. - PURCELL, N. The Corrupting Sea: a study of Mediterranean history. Singapore: Blackwell Publishing, 2000.

18. HUGHES, L. A. The Proclamation of Non-Defective Slaves and the Curule Aediles' Edict. Ancient Society, 2006, Vol. 36, s. 239-261. CrossRef

19. JONES, A. H. M. Slavery in the Ancient World. The Economic History Review, 1956, Vol. 9, No. 2, s. 185-199. CrossRef

20. KLEIJWEGT, M. Cum Vincensimariis Magnam Mantissam Habet (Petronius Satyricon 65.10). The American Journal of Philology, 2002, Vol. 123, No. 2, s. 275-286. Dostupné na: CrossRef

21. LAMP, K. S. A City of Marble: The Rhetoric of Augustan Rome. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2013. DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv6sj8qc.13. CrossRef

22. MARTIN, D. B. Slavery as Salvation. Yale University Press, 1990. CrossRef

23. PETRONIUS ARBITER. Petronius. HESELTINE, M. (ed.). London: W. Heinemann, 1913. Perseus Digital Library. Dostupné na:

24. PETRONIUS ARBITER. Satirikon: milostné a veselé příhody Encolpia a jeho přátel za doby Neronovy. Překl.: HRDINA, K. Praha: Svoboda, 1971.

25. RIO, A. Self-sale and Voluntary Entry into Unfreedom, 300-1100. Journal of Social History, 2012, Vol. 45, No. 3, s. 661-685. CrossRef

26. ROSATI, G. Trimalchio on Stage. In: HARRISON, S. J. (ed.). Oxford Readings in The Roman Novel. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

27. ROSE, K. F. C. The Petronian Inquisition: An Auto-Da-Fe. Arion: A Journal of Humanities and the Classics, 1966, Vol. 5, No. 3, s. 275-301. Dostupné na:

28. ROTH, U. Peculium, Freedom, Citizenship: Golden Triangle or Vicious Circle? An Act in Two Parts. Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies. Supplement, 2010, No. 109, s. 91-120. Dostupné na: CrossRef

29. ROTH, U. Liberating the Cena. The Classical Quarterly, 2016, Vol. 66, No. 2, s. 614-634. CrossRef

30. SANDY, G. - HARRISON, S. Novels ancient and modern. In: WHITMARSH, T. (ed.). The Cambridge Companion to the Greek and Roman Novel. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008, s. 299-320. CrossRef

31. SENECA, L. A. Výbor z listů Lucillovi. Překl.: RYBA, B. Praha: Svoboda, 1969.

32. SCHOLL, R. "Freilassung unter Freunden" im römischen Ägypten. In: BELLEN, H. - HEINEN, H. (eds.). Fünfzig jahre Forschungen zur antiken Sklaverei an der Mainzer Akademie 1950-2000. Stuttgart: Steiner, 2001.

33. SILVER, M. Places for Self-Selling in Ulpian, Plautus and Horace: The Role of Vertumnus. Mnemosyne, 2014, Vol. 67, Fasc. 4, s. 577-587. CrossRef

34. SOMMER, O. Učebnice soukromého práva římského. Díl 2: Právo majetkové. Praha: nákl. vl., 1935. Dostupné na:

35. TACITUS, C. The complete works of Tacitus. Překl.: CHURCH, A. J. - BRODRIBB, W. J. New York: The Modern library, 1942. Perseus Digital Library. Dostupné na:

36. VOUT, C. The Satyrica and Neronian Culture. In: PRAG, J. - REPATH, I. (eds.). Petronius: a Handbook. Singapore: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2009.

37. VUOLANTO, V. Selling a Freeborn Child: Rhetoric and Social Realities in the Late Roman World. Ancient Society, 2003, Vol. 33, s. 169-207. Dostupné na: CrossRef

38. WHITMARSH, T. Class. In: WHITMARSH, T. (ed.). The Cambridge Companion to the Greek and Roman Novel. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008, s. 72-88. CrossRef

39. WIEDEMANN, T. E. J. The Regularity of Manumission at Rome. The Classical Quarterly, 1985, Vol. 35, No. 1, s. 162-175. Dostupné na: CrossRef

Creative Commons License
Vybrané právní aspekty otroctví v Hostině u Trimalchiona is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

240 x 170 mm
published: 3 x per year
print price: 250 czk
ISSN: 0079-4929
E-ISSN: 2464-689X