AUC KINANTHROPOLOGICA

AUC KINANTHROPOLOGICA

Acta Universitatis Carolinae Kinanthropologica (AUC Kinanthropologica) is an international peer reviewed journal for the publication of research outcomes in the humanities, the social sciences and the natural sciences, as applied to kinathropology. It is a multidisciplinary journal accepting only original unpublished articles in English in the various sub-disciplines and related fields of kinanthropology, such as Anthropology, Anthropomotorics, Sports Pedagogy, Sociology of Sport, Philosophy of Sport, History of Sport, Physiology of Sport And Exercise, Physical Education, Applied Physical Education, Physiotherapy, Human Biomechanics, Psychology of Sport, Sports Training and Coaching, Sport Management, etc. The journal also welcomes interdisciplinary articles. The journal also includes reports of relevant activities and reviews of relevant publications.

The journal is abstracted and indexed by CNKI, DOAJ, EBSCO, ERIH PLUS, SPOLIT, SPORTDiscus, and Ulrichsweb.

AUC KINANTHROPOLOGICA, Vol 54 No 1 (2018), 53–61

Anthropometric and somatotype differences between C1 paddlers who were and were not selected for the Czech national team

Jan Busta, Ivana Kinkorová, James Joseph Tufano, Milan Bílý, Jiří Suchý

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14712/23366052.2018.5
announced: 21. 06. 2018

abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the anthropometric and somatotype differences between elite single-canoeists (C1) included in the white-water slalom Czech national team (NT) (n = 5) and others (n = 12) who did not qualify for the national team (DNQ) leading up to the Olympic Games in Rio de Janiero, 2016. All paddlers were measured using a battery of 40 anthropometric parameters in one day, 4 weeks before competing in the Czech national selection races. The NT racers had a significantly (p < 0.05) greater circumference of the forearm (27.8 ± 0.6 vs. 26.8 ± 1.4) and upper arm (35.60 ± 1.5 vs. 33.5 ± 1.7) for the dominant paddling arm, as well as a greater chest circumference (98.3 ± 2.4 vs. 93.9 ± 2.3). Additionally, the sum of triceps, scapular, calf, and supraspinal skinfolds were significantly less in NT. There were no significant differences in height (p = 0.14), body mass (p = 0.18) or circumferences of the lower extremities (p = 0.09–0.32). Somatotype was statistically similar (p = 0.06–0.13), but practically different (NT = 1.4–5.6–2.3; DNQ = 1.6–4.6–3.1) such as body fat percentage (NT = 7.5 ± 2.3; DNQ = 9.1 ± 1.6). Based on the results of this study we can recommend that single-canoeists seeking to achieve elite performance should participate in training that focuses on maximizing the musculature of the upper limbs and chest while maintaining minimal body fat. The current data also shows that experience likely plays a role in national team selection, as NT were an average of 5.5 years older than DNQ.

keywords: Olympic games; canoe; white water; slalom; high performance athletes

references (32)

1. Abu Khaled, M., McCutcheon, M. J., Reddy, S., Pearman, P. L., Hunter, G. R., & Weinsier, R. L. (1988). Electrical impedance in assessing human body composition: the BIA method. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 47(5), 789–792. CrossRef PubMed

2. Ackland, T. R., Ong, K. B., Kerr, D. A., & Ridge, B. R. (2003). Morphological characteristics of Olympic sprint canoe and kayak paddlers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 6(3), 285–294. CrossRef

3. Akca, F., & Muniroglu, S. (2008). Anthropometric – somatype and strength profiles and on – water performance in Turkish elite kayakers. International Journal of Applied Sports Sciences, 20(1), 22–34.

4. Bílý M. (2002). Komplexní analýza techniky pádlování a jízdy na divoké vodě [doctoral thesis]. Prague: Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University.

5. Bílý, M. (2012). Výkonové aspekty ve vodním slalomu [dissertation]. Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University, Prague.

6. Bílý, M., Baláš, J., Andrew, J. M., Darryl, J. C., Coufalová, K., & Süss V. (2010). Effect of paddle grip on segmental fluid distribution in elite slalom paddlers. European Journal of Sport Science, 13(3), 185–190.

7. Bílý, M., Süss, V., & Buchtel, M. (2011). Selected somatic factors of white water canoeists. Journal of outdoor activities, 5(2), 30–42.

8. Bloomfield, J., Ackland, T. R., & Elliot, B. C. (2003). Applied anatomy and biomechanice in sport. Melbourne, VIC: Blackwell Science.

9. Carter, J. E. L., & Heath, B. H. (1990). Somatotyping – Development and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

10. Dehghan, M., & Merchant, A. T. (2008). Is bioelectrical impedance accurate for use in large epidemiological studies? Nutr. J., 7(1), 26. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

11. Dokumaci, B., & Çakir-Atabek, H. (2015). Relationship between Anthropometric Variables, Respiratory Function and Bio-Motoric Properties in Turkish Flat Water Canoe Athletes. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research, 1(3), 912–923. CrossRef PubMed Central

12. Durnin, J. V. G., & Womersley, J. (1974). Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness: measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years. British Journal of Nutrition, 32(1), 77–97. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

13. Fry, R. W., & Morton, A. R. (1991). Physiological and kinanthropometric attributes of elite flatwater kayakists. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 23(11), 1297–1301. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

14. Grasgruber, P., & Cacek, J. (2008). Sportovní geny. Brno: Computer Press. PubMed Central

15. Graves, J. E., et al. (2006). Anthropometry and body composition measurement. In: Maud, J. M., & Foster, C. (Eds.), Physiological assessment of human fitness. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, pp. 185–225. PubMed Central

16. Gutnik, B., Zuoza, A., Zuoziene, I., Alekrinskis, A., Nash, D., & Scherbina S. (2015). Body physique and dominant somatotype in elite and low – profile athletes different specializations. Medicina, 51(4), 247–252. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

17. Hagner-Derengowska, M., Hagner, W., Zubrzycki, I. Z., Krakowiak, H., Slomko, W., Dzierzanowski, M., Rakowski, A., & Wiacek-Zubrzycka, M. (2014). Body structure and composition of canoeists and kayakers: Analysis of junior and teenage Polish national canoeing team. Biology of Sport, 31(4), 323–326. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

18. Lukaski, H. C., Bolonchuk, W. W., Hall, C. B., & Siders, W. A. (1986). Validation of tetrapolar bioelectrical impedance method to assess human body composition. J. Appl. Physiol., 60(4), 1327–1332. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

19. Máček, M., & Máčková, J. (2011). Fyziologie a klinické aspekty pohybové aktivity. Prague: Galén. PubMed Central

20. Netolická, V. (2008). Testy normality. Bakalářská práce Olomouc: Přírodovědecká fakulta, Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci. PubMed Central

21. Norton, K., & Olds, T. (1996). Anthropometrica. Sydney, NSW: UNSW Press. PubMed Central

22. Pařízková, J. (1977). Body fat and physical fitness: body composition and lipid metabolism in different regimes of physical activity. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff. CrossRef PubMed Central

23. Peterson, J. T., Repovich, W. E., & Parascand, C. R. (2011). Accuracy of consumer grade bioelectrical impedance analysis devices compared to air displacement plethysmography. Int. J. Exerc. Sci., 4(3), 176–184. PubMed Central

24. Ridge, B. R., Broad, E., Kerr, D. A., & Ackland, T. R. (2007). Morphological characteristics of Olympic slalom canoe and kayak paddlers. European Journal of Sport Science, 7(2), 107–113. CrossRef PubMed Central

25. Riegerová, J., Kapuš, O., Gába, A., & Ščotka, D. (2010). Rozbor tělesného složení českých mužů ve věku 20–80 let (hodnocení tělesné výšky, hmotnosti, BMI, svalové a tukové frakce). Česká antropologie, 60(1), 20–23. PubMed Central

26. Riegerová, J., Přidalová, M., & Ulbrichová, M. (1996). Aplikace fyzické antropologie v tělesné výchově a sportu. Olomouc: Vydavatelství Univerzity Palackého. PubMed Central

27. Riegerová, J., & Ulbrichová, M. (1993). Aplikace fyzické antropologie v tělesné výchově a sportu. Olomouc: Vydavatelství Univerzity Palackého. PubMed Central

28. Sigmund, M., Rozsypal, R., Kudláček, M., Kratochvíl, J., & Sigmundová, D. (2016). Influence of one-year sport activities on the changes in morphological parameters and somatotypes in the current junior members of the Czech national whitewater slalom team. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 16, 118–124. PubMed Central

29. Slinde, F., & Rossander-Hulthén, L. (2001). Bioelectrical impedance: effect of 3 identical meals on diurnal impedance variation and calculation of body composition. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 74(4), 474–478. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

30. Van Someren, K. A., & Howatson, G. (2008). Prediction of Flatwater Kayaking Performance. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 3(2), 207–218. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

31. Van Someren, K. A., & Palmer, G. S. (2003). Prediction of 200-m sprint kayaking performance. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, 28(4), 505–517. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

32. Vedat A. (2012). Somatotypes of male whitewater canoe athletes of the Turkish National Canoe Team. Educational Research and Reviews, 7(24), 526–531. CrossRef PubMed Central

Creative Commons License
Anthropometric and somatotype differences between C1 paddlers who were and were not selected for the Czech national team is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

157 x 230 mm
published: 2 x per year
print price: 190 czk
ISSN: 1212-1428
E-ISSN: 2336-6052

Download