Acta Universitatis Carolinae Iuridica (AUC Iuridica) is a legal journal published since 1955, which presents longer essays as well as short articles on topics relevant for legal theory and international, European and Czech law. It also publishes works concerning current legislative problems.
Although intended primarily for domestic audience, AUC Iuridica is useful also for foreign experts, who can take advantage of summaries in foreign languages (English, German and French) and key words, which are systematically added to the main articles and essays.
The published articles are subject to peer reviews. If necessary, reviewed texts are sent back to the author for revision.
AUC Iuridica accepts contributions from any contributor on any current legal topic.
The journal is registered in the Czech National Bibliography (kept by the National Library of the Czech Republic) and in the Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals (kept by the American Association of Law Libraries).
The journal is archived in Portico.
We are pleased to inform you that the journal Acta Universitatis Carolinae Iuridica was the first journal of the Faculty of Law of Charles University to be included in the prestigious international database SCOPUS. This Elsevier database is the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature in the world. The editors of the journal expect from the inclusion in the elite SCOPUS database not only an increase in the readership of the journal, but also an increase in interest in the publication of papers by both Czech and foreign authors.
Relationships between Platforms and Retailers (on the Example of Amazon)
published online: 07. 06. 2023
In e-commerce, data has long played a special role as a factor in competition between different players, and its importance continues to grow. A review of the current legal situation is a basic prerequisite for any legal policy proposals to improve market access conditions and thus competition in a platform economy. As a result, the current article attempts to discuss the legal framework that governs the relevant legal relationships between platforms and retailers on the example of Amazon. The emphasis is on the scope of retailers’ antitrust claims against online platforms, as well as the extent of platforms’ obligations. Participation and access claims relating to data or information, as well as certain marketing services, are particularly relevant in this regard.
keywords: antitrust; data sharing; essential facilities
1. ANDRAŠKO, J. - MESARČÍK, M. Quo Vadis Open data? Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology. 2018, No. 2, pp. 179-219. CrossRef
2. BELLEFLAMME, P. - MARTIN, P. Platform Competition: Who Benefits from Multihoming? International Journal of Industrial Organization. 2019, Vol. 64, pp. 1-26. CrossRef
3. C-241/91 P and C-242/91 P, Radio Telefis Eireann (RTE) and Independent Television Publications Ltd (ITP) v Commission of the European Communities, ECLI:EU:C:1995:98.
4. C-418/01, IMS Health GmbH & Co. OHG v NDC Health GmbH & Co. KG, ECLI:EU:C:2004:257.
5. C-7/97, Oscar Bronner GmbH & Co. KG v Mediaprint Zeitungs- und Zeitschriftenverlag GmbH & Co. KG, Mediaprint, ECLI:EU:C:1998:569.
6. Commission Decision of 3 July 2001 relating to a proceeding pursuant to Article 82 of the EC Treaty (Case COMP D3/38.044, NDC Health/IMS Health: Interim measures) (notified under document number C(2001) 1695).
7. CRÉMER, J. - DE MONTJOYE Y, A. - SCHWEITZER, H. Competition Policy for the Digital Era. Brussels: Directorate-General for Competition, 2019.
8. European Commission, AT.40462 Amazon Marketplace and AT.40703 Amazon - Buy Box.
9. European Commission, decision of 02/19/2008, COMP/M.4726 - Thompson Corporation/Reuters Group.
10. European Commission, decision of 06/27/2017, AT.39740 - Google Shopping.
11. European Commission, decision of 10/20/2004 - BdKEP.
12. FEDUSHKO, S. - MASTYKASH, O. - SYEROV, Y. - PERACEK, T. Model of user data analysis complex for the management of diverse web projects during crises. Applied Sciences. 2020, Vol. 10, No. 24, pp. 1-12. CrossRef
13. French Competition Authority, Decision No. 14-MC-02 of 9 Sep. 2014 relating to a request for interim measures presented by the company Direct Energie.
14. FUNTA, R. Amazon a presadzovanie antitrustového práva [Amazon and antitrust law enforcement]. Justičná revue. 2018, Vol. 70, No. 11, pp. 1215-1229.
15. FUNTA, R. Data, their relevance to competition and search engines. Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology. 2021, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 119-138. CrossRef
16. FUNTA, R. Economic and Legal Features of Digital Markets. Danube. 2019, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 173-183. CrossRef
17. FUNTA, R. Social Networks and Potential Competition Issues. Krytyka Prawa. 2020, Tom 12, pp. 193-205. CrossRef
18. FUNTA, R. - KLIMEK, L. Data and e-commerce: an economic relationship. Danube. 2021, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 33-44. CrossRef
19. HALÁSOVÁ, Z. - GREGUŠOVÁ D. - PERÁČEK T. eIDAS Regulation and Its Impact on National Legislation: the Case of the Slovak Republic. Administrative Sciences. 2022, Vol. 12, No. 4, p. 187. CrossRef
20. KINDL, J. - KUPČÍK, J. - MIKEŠ, S. - SVOBODA, P. Soutěžní právo [Competition Law]. Praha: C. H. Beck, 2021.
21. KARÁCSONY, G. Managing personal data in a digital environment - did GDPR's concept of informed consent really give us control? In: FUNTA, R. (ed.). Computer law, AI, data protection & the biggest tech trends, Brno: MSD, 2019, pp. 39-50.
22. MISKOLCZI-BODNÁR, P. Indemnification and harm caused by infringement of Antitrust rules from Private Law point of view. In: OSZTOVITS, A. (ed.). Recent developments in European and Hungarian competition law. Budapest: Károli Gáspár Református Egyetem Állam- és Jogtudományi Kar, 2012, pp. 26-40.
23. MISKOLCZI-BODNÁR, P. Visszaélés gazdasági erőfölénnyel [Abuse of Economic Dominance]. In. TÓTH, A. - JUHÁSZ, M. - JUHÁSZ, D. (eds.). Kommentár a tisztességtelen piaci magatartás és versenykorlátozás tilalmáról szóló 1996. évi LVII. Törvényhez: Gazdasági Versenyhivatal, 2014, pp. 280-320.
24. NIELS, G. - RALSTON, H. Two-sided market definition: some common misunderstandings. European Competition Journal. 2021, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 118-133. CrossRef
25. OSZTOVITS, A. Quantifying Harm in Action for Damages Based on Breaches of Article 101 or 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union - Some Remarks on the Draft Guidance Paper of the European Commission. In: OSZTOVITS, A. (ed.). Recent developments in European and Hungarian competition law. Budapest: Károli Gáspár Református Egyetem Állam- és Jogtudományi Kar, 2012, pp. 41-54.
26. PARKER, G. - PETROPOULOS, G. - VAN ALSTYNE, M. Digital platforms and antitrust. Working Paper 06/2020. Brussels: Bruegel, 2020. CrossRef
27. PERÁČEK, T. E-commerce and its limits in the context of the consumer protection: the case of the Slovak Republic. Juridical Tribune. 2022, No, 1, pp. 35-50. CrossRef
28. PLAVČAN, P. - FUNTA, R. Selected Legal Aspects of Protection of Undistorted Competition in the Digital Economy. Studia Iuridica Lublinensia. 2022, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 25-41. CrossRef
29. PLAVČAN, P. - FUNTA, R. Some Economic Characteristics of Internet Platforms. Danube. 2020, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 156-167. CrossRef
30. ŠMEJKAL, V. Výzvy pro evropský antitrust ve světě vícestranných online platforem [Challenges for European antitrust in a world of multilateral online platforms]. Antitrust. 2016, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 105-114.
31. ŠMEJKAL, V. Concentrations in Digital Sector - A New EU Antitrust Standard for "Killer Acquisitions" Needed? Intereulaweast. 2020, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 1-16. CrossRef
32. ŠRAMEL, B. - HORVÁTH, P. Internet as the communication medium of the 21st century: do we need a special legal regulation of freedom of expression on the internet? The Lawyer Quarterly. 2021, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 141-157.
33. T‑201/04, Microsoft Corp. v Commission of the European Communities, ECLI:EU:T:2007:289.
34. WHISH, R. - BAILEY, D. Competition Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021. CrossRef
35. ŽÁRSKÁ, P. Databases consisting of personal data: promising financial opportunity for member states? The Lawyer Quarterly. 2022, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 159-172.
Relationships between Platforms and Retailers (on the Example of Amazon) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
230 x 157 mm
periodicity: 4 x per year
print price: 65 czk