Acta Universitatis Carolinae Iuridica (AUC Iuridica) is a legal journal published since 1955, which presents longer essays as well as short articles on topics relevant for legal theory and international, European and Czech law. It also publishes works concerning current legislative problems.
Although intended primarily for domestic audience, AUC Iuridica is useful also for foreign experts, who can take advantage of summaries in foreign languages (English, German and French) and key words, which are systematically added to the main articles and essays.
The published articles are subject to peer reviews. If necessary, reviewed texts are sent back to the author for revision.
AUC Iuridica accepts contributions from any contributor on any current legal topic.
The journal is registered in the Czech National Bibliography (kept by the National Library of the Czech Republic) and in the Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals (kept by the American Association of Law Libraries).
The journal is archived in Portico.
AUC IURIDICA, Vol 64 No 4 (2018), 155–166
In varietate concordia – čl. 22 Listiny základních práv EU
[In varietate concordia – Article 22 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU]
announced: 04. 01. 2019
The study deals with the status of Article 22 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU and its interpretation and application by the Court of Justice of the EU. Diversity belongs to the fundamental values of the European Union and reference to it can be found even in the unofficial EU motto “United in diversity”. However, it is not clear if Article 22 of the Charter constitutes a subjective right, which should be respected, or merely a value as a policy statement, which should be observed (see Art. 51 of the Charter). Argumentation in favour of the value prevails. Neither is there any direct link to other standard human rights catalogues in the Explanations. Respect for diversity is one of the basic principles of democracy and the rule of law. Activities of the EU in the field of diversity are limited by the entrusted powers and by legal framework to enact secondary legislation enshrined especially in Art. 167 TFEU for the field of culture. According to Art. 167 Sec. 4 TFEU, the cultural diversity should be respected in all other activities of the EU as well. Language diversity could be seen as a part of culture. Specific issue is the language regime of the EU, as, to date, there are 24 official and working languages. Possible actions with respect to the religious diversity are limited to the antidiscrimination measures according to Art. 19 Sec. 1 TFEU. Although Art. 22 of the Charter could constitute the basis for the minority protection in the EU, this remains a delicate and problematic issue. The current role of Art. 22 of the Charter in this context remains therefore very limited. In several cases, the Court of Justice of the EU, advocate general or the participants referred to Art. 22 of the Charter. These cases concern inter alia the topics of recruitment, patent protection, minority issues and national legislative measures in support of national languages. Art. 22 of the Charter is mainly cited as a subsidiary provision. It is sometimes not even quoted as Art. 3 Sec. 3 TEU provides for the respect for diversity as well. Despite the nowadays limited role of Art. 22 of the Charter, cultural and language diversity are well rooted as fundamental values of the community and Art. 22 of the Charter has the potential to become the basis for the minority protection in the EU in the future.
keywords: Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU; diversity; culture; language; religion; right; principle; minority protection
1. FORNÄS, Johan. Signifying Europe. [online] Bristol: Intellect, 2012. [cit. 6. 4. 2018]. Dostupné z: https://www.intellectbooks.co.uk/books/view-Book,id=4929/.
2. FRAŇKOVÁ Martina. Právo na užívání menšinových jazyků v evropském právu. Diplomová práce obhájená na Právnické fakultě Univerzity Karlovy, Praha, 2013.
3. FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AGENCY. Respect for and protection of persons belonging to minorities 2008-2010. Luxembourg: Publication Office of the European Union, 2011. [cit. 5. 5. 2018] Dostupné online: http://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2011/respect-and-protection-persons-belonging-minorities-2008-2010.
4. MEYER, Jürgen. Kommentar zur Charta der Grundrechte der Europäischen Union. 4. Aufl. Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2014.
5. PEERS, Steve, ed. et al. The EU charter of fundamental rights: a commentary. Oxford: Hart, 2014. xlii, 1893 s. CrossRef
6. PIRIS, Jean-Claude. The Lisbon Treaty: a legal and political analysis [online]. Cambridge [UK]: Cambridge University Press, 2010. Cambridge studies in European law and policy [cit. 2018-05-05]. Dostupné z: http://site.ebrary.com/lib/natl/Doc?id=10432454.
7. SCHEU Harald Christian. Regionální ochrana národnostních menšin. In: PETRÁŠ, René, Helena PETRŮV a Harald Christian SCHEU, ed. Menšiny a právo v České republice. Praha: Auditorium, 2009.
8. SCHEU Harald Christian, Listina základních práv EU jako referenční rámec národního azylového práva, Acta Universitatis Carolinae - Iuridica, 2/2016, s. 17 - 40.
9. SYLLOVÁ, Jindřiška. Lisabonská smlouva: komentář. Syllová, Pítrová, Paldusová a kol. Praha: C.H. Beck, 2010. Beckova edice komentované zákony.
10. ŠIŠKOVÁ, Naděžda. Lisabonská smlouva a její dopady na evropské, mezinárodní a vnitrostátní právo členských států. Praha: Leges, 2012. Teoretik.
11. TICHÝ, Luboš a kol. Evropské právo. 5., přeprac. vyd. V Praze: C.H. Beck, 2014. Academia iuris (C.H. Beck).
12. TOGGENBURG, Gabriel von. The European Union. A rough orientation through a delicate relationship: The European Union's endeavours for its minorities. In: ED.-IN-CHIEF: SNEŽANA TRIFUNOVSKA. Minority rights in Europe: European minorities and languages. The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press, 2001, s. 205-234.
In varietate concordia – čl. 22 Listiny základních práv EU is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
230 x 157 mm
published: 4 x per year
print price: 65 czk