Acta Universitatis Carolinae Kinanthropologica (AUC Kinanthropologica) is an international peer reviewed journal for the publication of research outcomes in the humanities, the social sciences and the natural sciences, as applied to kinathropology. It is a multidisciplinary journal accepting only original unpublished articles in English in the various sub-disciplines and related fields of kinanthropology, such as Anthropology, Anthropomotorics, Sports Pedagogy, Sociology of Sport, Philosophy of Sport, History of Sport, Physiology of Sport And Exercise, Physical Education, Applied Physical Education, Physiotherapy, Human Biomechanics, Psychology of Sport, Sports Training and Coaching, Sport Management, etc. The journal also welcomes interdisciplinary articles. The journal also includes reports of relevant activities and reviews of relevant publications.
The journal is abstracted and indexed by CNKI, DOAJ, EBSCO, ERIH PLUS, SPOLIT, SPORTDiscus, and Ulrichsweb.
The effect of military boots on front kick dynamics
Michal Vágner, Luboš Tomšovský, James Joseph Tufano, Petr Kubový, Karel Jelen
announced: 22. 11. 2018
Front kicks are often used in combat activities that involve the use of kicks and punches, including close combat military training. To mimic real-life combative environments where soldiers execute forceful front kicks while wearing military boots, it is logical to wear these boots during close combat training. However, the effect of military footwear on front kick forces remain unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the effects of military boots on front kick dynamics. Six male soldiers (23.3 ± 1.7 yr, 74.3 ± 6.2 kg, 175.5 ± 4.5 cm) performed eight individual front kicks with no military boots, in bare feet (NB) and with military boots (MB). Peak force (N), impulse (N.s) and time to reach peak force (ms), were measured during each kick. Data were analyzed using paired sample t-tests or nonparametric Wilcoxon pair test and Cohen’s d. Results. Neither peak force (3180 ± 647 N) nor impulse (367 ± 40 N.s) of MB were different than NB (3157 ± 291 N and 360 ± 48 N.s, respectively) (p = 0.85; d = 0.04 and p = 0.36; d = 0.12, respectively). Peak force was reached in a significantly shorter time during MB (39 ± 16 ms) compared to NB (56 ± 8 ms; d = −0.88). Conclusion. Peak force was reached in a shorter time using MB compared to barefoot (NB) front kicks. The use of military boots changes the time course of peak force during the front kick.
keywords: close combat; military equipment; kinetics; impact forces
1. Dworak, L. B., Dziewiecki, K., & Maczynski, J. (2008). Characteristics of kinematics and kinetics of strokes in karate-biomechanical approach. In: ISBS-Conference Proceedings Archive, 1(1). PubMed Central
2. Kuragano, T., & Yokokura, S. (2012). Experimental analysis of Japanese martial art Nihon-Kempo. The ICHPER-SD Journal of Research in Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport & Dance, 7(1), 40. PubMed Central
4. Martínková, I., & Vágner, M. (2010). Terminologické vymezení bojových aktivit v oblasti kinantropologie. Česká kinantropologie, 14(1), 29–38. PubMed Central
5. Ortenburger, D., Wasik, J., & Gora, T. (2016). Selected dimensions of the self-esteem and a kinematic effect of the intentional target at taekwondo athletes. Archives of Budo Science of Martial Arts and Extreme Sports, 12, 117–121. PubMed Central
6. Pozo, J., Bastien, G., & Dierick, F. (2011). Execution time, kinetics, and kinematics of the mae-geri kick: Comparison of national and international standard karate athletes. Journal of sports sciences, 29(14), 1553–1561. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central
7. Sorensen, H., Zacho, M., Simonsen, E. B., Dyhre‐Poulsen, P., & Klausen, K. (1996). Dynamics of the martial arts high front kick. Journal of sports sciences, 14(6), 483–495. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central
8. Swain, D. P., Onate, J. A., Ringleb, S. I., Naik, D. N., & DeMaio, M. (2010). Effects of training on physical performance wearing personal protective equipment. Military medicine, 175(9), 664–670. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central
9. Vágner, M. (2008). K teorii boje zblízka. Prague: Karolinum. PubMed Central
10. Vágner, M., Thiel, D., Jelen, K., Tomšovský, P., Kubový, P., Moska, W., Lulińska-Kuklik, E., Cięszczyk, P., Maszczyk, A., & Tufano J. J. Wearing ballistic and weighted vests increases front kick forces. Archives of Budo [In press]. PubMed Central
11. Wasik, J., Czarny, W., Malolepszy, E., & Drozdek-Malolepsza, T. (2015). Kinematics of taekwon- do front kick. Archives of Budo Science of Martial Arts and Extreme Sports, 11, 23–28. PubMed Central
The effect of military boots on front kick dynamics is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
157 x 230 mm
published: 2 x per year
print price: 190 czk