Acta Universitatis Carolinae Kinanthropologica (AUC Kinanthropologica) is an international peer reviewed journal for the publication of research outcomes in the humanities, the social sciences and the natural sciences, as applied to kinathropology. It is a multidisciplinary journal accepting only original unpublished articles in English in the various sub-disciplines and related fields of kinanthropology, such as Anthropology, Anthropomotorics, Sports Pedagogy, Sociology of Sport, Philosophy of Sport, History of Sport, Physiology of Sport And Exercise, Physical Education, Applied Physical Education, Physiotherapy, Human Biomechanics, Psychology of Sport, Sports Training and Coaching, Sport Management, etc. The journal also welcomes interdisciplinary articles. The journal also includes reports of relevant activities and reviews of relevant publications.

The journal is abstracted and indexed by CNKI, DOAJ, EBSCO, ERIH PLUS, SPOLIT, SPORTDiscus, and Ulrichsweb.

AUC KINANTHROPOLOGICA, Vol 53 No 1 (2017), 49–59

Differences in presence and distribution of various food groups in persons with spinal cord injury

Ivana Kinkorová, Eva Chaloupková, Martin Komarc, Jan Heller

announced: 30. 06. 2017


The aim of this study was to analyse the dietary habits of subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI), especially to evaluate differences in the presence and distribution of various food groups among a group of males and females. Subjects (n = 50, n1 = 36 males, n2 = 14 females) completed a frequency questionnaire, which included questions focused on the detection of size of consumed foods and frequency of consumption of various food groups (cereals, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, dairy products, meat, meat products, fats, sweets). We noted significant differences in the composition of breakfast (meat intake), lunch (vegetable intake, dairy intake), dinner (dairy intake, sweet intake), snacks (fats intake) in males and females. Differences in dietary habits of males and females with SCI especially concerned sizes of consumed servings of food, but also the representation of individual food groups in the diet throughout the day. In this context, the adapted food pyramid can be used as a visual tool to facilitate understanding and the maintenance of a healthy diet.

keywords: nutrition; dietary habits; people with special needs; spinal cord injury

references (28)

1. Ackery, A., Tator, C., & Krassioukov, A. (2004). A global perspective on spinal cord injury epidemiology. Journal Neurotrauma, 21(10), 1355–1370. CrossRef PubMed

2. Bauman, W. A., Spungen, A. M., Adkins, R. H., & Kemp, B. J. (1999). Metabolic and endocrine changes in persons aging with spinal cord injury. Assistive technology, 11(2), 88–96. CrossRef PubMed

3. Bauman, W. A., & Spungen, A. M. (2000). Metabolic changes in persons after spinal cord injury. Physical medicine and rehabilitation clinics of North America, 11(1), 109–140. PubMed

4. Buchholz, A. C., McGillivray, C. F., & Pencharz, P. B. (2003a). Differences in resting metabolic rate between paraplegic and able-bodied subjects are explained by differences in body composition. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 77(2), 371–378. PubMed

5. Buchholz, A. C., McGillivray, C. F., & Pencharz, P. B. (2003b). Physical activity levels are low in free-living adults with chronic paraplegia. Obesity research, 11(4), 563–570. CrossRef PubMed

6. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

7. Cowell, L. L., Squires, W. G., & Raven, P. B. (1986) Benefits of aerobic exercise for the paraplegic: a brief review. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 18(5), 501–508. CrossRef

8. Després, J. P., Moorjani, S., Lupien, P. J., Tremblay, A., Nadeau, A., & Bouchard, C. (1990). Regional distribution of body fat, plasma lipoproteins, and cardiovascular disease. Arteriosclerosis, 10(4), 497–511. CrossRef PubMed

9. Elliott, T. R. (2015). Studying depression following spinal cord injury: Evidence, policy and practice. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 38(5), 584–586. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

10. Feasel, S., & Groah, S. (2009). The impact of diet on cardiovascular disease risk in individuals with spinal cord injury. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation, 14(3), 58–68. CrossRef PubMed Central

11. Folsom, A. R., Parker, E. D., & Harnack, L. J. (2007). Degree of concordance with DASH diet guidelines and incidence of hypertension and fatal cardiovascular disease. American Journal of Hypertension, 20(3), 225–232. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

12. Groah, S. L., Nash, M. S., Ljungberg, I. H., Libin, A., Hamm, L. F., Ward, E., & Enfield, G. (2009). Nutrient intake and body habitus after spinal cord injury: an analysis by sex and level of injury. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 32(1), 25–33. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

13. Houmard, J. A., Wheeler, W. S., McCammon, M. R., Wells, J. M., Truitt, N., Hamad, S. F., & Barakat, H. A. (1991). An evaluation of waist to hip ratio measurement methods in relation to lipid and carbohydrate metabolism in men. International journal of obesity, 15(3), 181–188. PubMed PubMed Central

14. Jakicic, J. M., Donnelly, J. E., Jawad, A. F., Jacobsen, D. J., Gunderson, S. C., & Pascale, R. (1993). Association between blood lipids and different measures of body fat distribution: effects of BMI and age. International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders: journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 17(3), 131–137. PubMed Central

15. Kocina, P. (1997). Body composition of spinal cord injured adults. Sports Medicine, 23(1), 48–60. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

16. Kriz, J., Hlinkova, Z., & Slaby, K. (2014). Metabolic changes after spinal cord injury. Part I: Differences in body composition and metabolic consequences. Diabetologie, Metabolismus, Endokrinologie, Vyziva, 17(4), 209–213. PubMed Central

17. Laven, G. T., Huang, C. T., DeVivo, M. J., Stover, S. L., Kuhlemeier, K. V., & Fine, P. R. (1989). Nutritional status during the acute stage of spinal cord injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 70(4), 277–282. PubMed PubMed Central

18. Levine, A. M., Nash, M. S., Green, B. A., Shea, J. D., & Aronica, M. J. (1992). An examination of dietary intakes and nutritional status of chronic healthy spinal cord injured individuals. Paraplegia, 30(12), 880–889. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

19. Maggioni, M., Bertoli, S., Margonato, V., Merati, G., Veicsteinas, A., & Testolin, G. (2003). Body composition assessment in spinal cord injury subjects. Acta Diabetologica, 40(1), 183–186. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

20. Monroe, M. B., Tataranni, P. A., Pratley, R., Manore, M. M., Skinner, J. S., & Ravussin, E. (1998). Lower daily energy expenditure as measured by a respiratory chamber in subjects with spinal cord injury compared with control subjects. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 68(6), 1223–1227. PubMed PubMed Central

21. Moussavi, R. M., Ribas-Cardus, F., Rintala, D. H., & Rodriguez, G. P. (2001). Dietary and serum lipids in individuals with spinal cord injury living in the community. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 38(2), 225–233. PubMed PubMed Central

22. Perret, C., & Stoffel-Kurt, N. (2011). Comparison of nutritional intake between individuals with acute and chronic spinal cord injury. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 34(6), 569–575. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

23. Philippi, S. T, Latterza, A. R, Cruz, A. T. R, & Ribeiro L. C. (1999). Adapted food pyramid: a guide for a right food choice. Revista de Nutriçao, 12(1), 65–80. CrossRef PubMed Central

24. Rosenthal, R. (1994). Parametric measures of effect size. In: H. Cooper & L. V. Hedges (Eds.), The Handbook of Research Synthesis. New York, NY: Sage. PubMed Central

25. Spungen, A. M., Adkins, R. H., Stewart, C. A., Wang, J., Pierson, R. N., Waters, R. L., & Bauman, W. A. (2003). Factors influencing body composition in persons with spinal cord injury: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Applied Physiology, 95(6), 2398–2407. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

26. Tomey, K. M., Chen, D. M., Wang, X., & Braunschweig, C. L. (2005). Dietary intake and nutritional status of urban community-dwelling men with paraplegia. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 86(4), 664–671. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

27. Vissers, M., van den Berg-Emons, R., Sluis, T., Bergen, M., Stam, H., & Bussmann, H. (2008). Barriers to and facilitators of everyday physical activity in persons with a spinal cord injury after discharge from the rehabilitation centre. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 40(6), 461–467. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

28. Walters, J. L., Buchholz, A. C., & Ginis, K. M. (2009). Evidence of dietary inadequacy in adults with chronic spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 47(4), 318–322. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

Creative Commons License
Differences in presence and distribution of various food groups in persons with spinal cord injury is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

157 x 230 mm
published: 2 x per year
print price: 190 czk
ISSN: 1212-1428
E-ISSN: 2336-6052