AUC KINANTHROPOLOGICA

AUC KINANTHROPOLOGICA

Acta Universitatis Carolinae Kinanthropologica (AUC Kinanthropologica) is an international peer reviewed journal for the publication of research outcomes in the humanities, the social sciences and the natural sciences, as applied to kinathropology. It is a multidisciplinary journal accepting only original unpublished articles in English in the various sub-disciplines and related fields of kinanthropology, such as Anthropology, Anthropomotorics, Sports Pedagogy, Sociology of Sport, Philosophy of Sport, History of Sport, Physiology of Sport And Exercise, Physical Education, Applied Physical Education, Physiotherapy, Human Biomechanics, Psychology of Sport, Sports Training and Coaching, Sport Management, etc. The journal also welcomes interdisciplinary articles. The journal also includes reports of relevant activities and reviews of relevant publications.

The journal is abstracted and indexed by CNKI, DOAJ, EBSCO, ERIH PLUS, SPOLIT, SPORTDiscus, and Ulrichsweb.

AUC KINANTHROPOLOGICA, Vol 51 No 1 (2015), 65–76

Differentiation of test results for standing long jump in the Czech male population aged 18–19 years

Šárka Honsová

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14712/23366052.2015.27
announced: 26. 11. 2015

abstract

There is currently a growing concern over the use of a representative survey, which could be used to develop standards in physical education and sport. The only reference data that can be usually found is that remaining from the 1980s. One of the new incentives could be the customized adjustment of standards, so that a person can compare themselves with the same group of people, not only by age and sex, as applies to most current traditional standards, but so that the group matches in other parameters, in other words, so that the standards are more differentiated. The aim of our research was to explore the differentiation of physical fitness standards in the Czech population, which in the future will be based on data management and analysis via a knowledge base. This system allows data differentiation according to specified criteria and thus the standard will become dynamic, i.e. relevantly adapted to each user. For our initial analysis, we chose the results of the motor test for the standing long jump in the male population aged 18–19 years, who are already adults, and for whom we have the largest database. Besides differentiation based on sex and age, we have also selected additional criteria for body height, body weight, level of physical activity and the region where the tested person works or attends school. The effect of these parameters that has been monitored based on the analysis of variance. Statistically significant differences occurred with the factors for body height (p-value < 0.0001), body weight (p-value < 0.0001) and the level of physical activity (p-value < 0.0001), while on the other hand, there were no significant statistical differences between groups in the regional factor (p = 0.1458). When evaluating the effect size of the variance analysis through the η2 coefficient, the regional factor shows very little effect (η2 = 0.0258), the body height factor and the level of physical activity show a medium effect (η2 = 0.0715 and η2 = 0.0775) and the body weight factor shows a great effect (η2 = 0.1473). Based on these results we consider expanding the number of criteria for the differentiation of standards as effective and appropriate. The analysis of the sorting factors is therefore one of the constituents, which will lead to the successful creation of a knowledge base.

keywords: analysis of variance; standards; physical fitness; population testing; motor tests

references (33)

1. Adams, T. B. (2010). DataBase: Research and Evaluation Results. American Journal of Health Promotion, 25(2), 147–151. CrossRef

2. Baker, U. C., Heath, E. M., Smith, D. R., Oden, G. L. (2011). Development of Wingate Anaerobic Test Norms for Highly-Trained Women. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, 14(2), 68–79.

3. Baumgartner, T. A., Jackson, A. S., Mahar, M. T., Rowe, D. A. (2007). Measurement for evaluation in physical education and exercise science. Boston: McGraw-Hill. CrossRef

4. Berka, P. (2003). Dobývání znalostí z databází [Knowledge Discovery in Databases]. Prague: Academia. PubMed Central

5. Brahler, C. J. (2004). QTc Is Associated with Obesity and Physical Activity Level for African American Females. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, 7(2), 16–24. PubMed Central

6. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hove: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. PubMed Central

7. Condon, C., Cremin, K. (2014). Static Balance Norms in Children. Physiotherapy Research International, 19(1), 1–7. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

8. ČSTV [Czechoslovak Union of Physical Education and Sport] (1975). Metodické pokyny k plnění ideově výchovné PubMed Central

9. Gjonbalaj, M., Gllareva, I., Gjinovci, B., Miftari, F. (2015). The status of students of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in comparison with standard parameters of the Illinois agility test. Sport Mont, 13(43–45), 225–228. PubMed Central

10. Hayes, A. F. (2009). Statistical Methods for Communication Science. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. PubMed Central

11. Hendl, J. (2012). Přehled statistických metod. Analýza a metaanalýza dat [Summary of statistical methods. Data analysis and meta-analysis]. Prague: Portál. PubMed PubMed Central

12. Ka Yee Wong, A. (2006). Gross Motor Skills Performance of Hong Kong Chinese Children. Journal of Physical Education & Recreation, 12(2), 23–29. PubMed Central

13. Kolář, V., Měkota, K., Šorm, G. (1989). Pohybová výkonnost a tělesný rozvoj studujících 1. ročníku vysokých škol ČSSR 1986 [Motor performance and physical development of students in the first year of the Czechoslovak university 1986]. In: Sborník Tělesná kultura. Olomouc: Palacký University Olomouc. PubMed Central

14. Kovář, R. (1985). Testy a normy základní pohybové výkonnosti [Tests and standards of basic motor performance]. Prague: ČÚV ČSTV. PubMed Central

15. Kovář, R., Měkota, K., et al. (1995). Unifittest (6–60): test and norms of motor performance and physical fitness in youth and in adult age. Olomouc: Palacký University Olomouc. PubMed Central

16. Machačová, K., Bunc, V. (2009). Methods of functional status evaluation and available instruments appropriate for older adults: A systematic Review. AUC Kinanthropologica, 45(2), 43–54. PubMed Central

17. Měkota, K., Šorm, G. (1972). Physical efficiency of Czechoslovak students in their first year at universities and colleges. Tělovýchovný sborník, supplementum 2. Prague: SPN. PubMed Central

18. Miyatake, N., Miyachi, M., Tabata, I., Numata, T. (2012). Evaluation of anthropometric parameters and physical fitness in elderly Japanese. Environmental Health & Preventive Medicine, 17(1), 62–68. CrossRef PubMed PubMed Central

19. Moravec, R. (1990). Telesný, funkčný rozvoj a pohybová výkonnosť 7–18-ročnej mládeže v ČSFR [Physical, functional development and motor performance of 7–18 years old youth from ČSFR]. Bratislava: Šport. PubMed Central

20. Morrow, J. R., Jackson, A. W., Disch, J. D., Mood, D. P. (2005). Measurement and evaluation in human performance. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. PubMed Central

21. Mozumdar, A., Liguori, G., Baumgartner, T. A. (2010). Additional Revised Push-Up Test Norms for College Students. Measurement in Physical Education & Exercise Science, 14(1), 61–66. CrossRef PubMed Central

22. Neubauer, J. (2011). Analýza rozptylu. Prednáška Statistika II – Ekonometrie [Analysis of Variance. Lecture of Statistics II – Econometry]. Retrieved from http://k101.unob.cz/~neubauer/pdf/analyza_rozptylu.pdf. PubMed Central

23. Novotný, J. (1961). Kdy, kde, jak soutěžit o odznak zdatnosti. Připraven k práci a obraně vlasti [When, where, how to compete on fitness badge Ready for work and defense of the homeland]. Prague: STN. PubMed Central

24. Pávek, F. (1977). Tělesná výkonnost 7–19leté mládeže ČSSR [Physical performance of 7–19 years old youth from ČSSR]. Prague: SPN. PubMed Central

25. Pekka, O., Tuxworth, B. (1997). Eurofit pro dospělé: hodnocení zdravotních komponent tělesné zdatnosti [Eurofit for adults: Assessment of health-related fitness] (R. Kovář, Trans.). Prague: Karolinum, Rada Evropy. PubMed Central

26. Plowman, S. A. (1992). Criterion Referenced Standards for Neuromuscular Physical Fitness Tests: An Analysis. Pediatric Exercise Science, 4(1), 10–19. PubMed Central

27. Purashwani, P., Datta, A. K., Purashwani, M. (2010). Construction of Norms for Skill Test Table Tennis Players. International Journal of Table Tennis Sciences, 11(6), 93–98. PubMed Central

28. Rikli, R. E., Jones, C. J. (1999). Functional fitness normative scores for community-residing older adults, ages 60–94. Journal of Aging & Physical Activity, 7(2), 162–181. PubMed Central

29. Rychtecký, A. (2006). Monitorování účasti mládeže ve sportu a pohybové aktivitě v České republice [Monitoring of youth participation in sport and physical activity in the Czech Republic]. Prague: Charles University in Prague. PubMed Central

30. Rychtecký, A., Tilinger, P., Dovalil, J. (2009). Physical performance related to the participation in sport and physical activities and changes in the last thirteen years in Czech youth. AUC Kinanthropologica, 45(2), 15–32. PubMed Central

31. Strand, S. L., Hjelm, J., Shoepe, T. C., Fajardo, M. A. (2014). Norms for an Isometric Muscle Endurance Test. Journal of Human Kinetics, 40(4), 93–102. CrossRef PubMed Central

32. Suchomel, A. (2003). Současné přístupy k hodnocení tělesné zdatnosti u dětí a mládeže (FITNESSGRAM) [Current approaches to evaluation of physical fitness among children and youth (FITNESSGRAM)]. Česká kinantropologie, 7(1), 81–89. PubMed Central

33. SZÚ (Producer). (2011). Celostátní antropologické výzkumy (CAV) [National anthropological researches (CAV)]. Státní zdravotní ústav. Retrieved from http://www.szu.cz/publikace/data/celostatni-antropologickevyzkumy-cav. PubMed Central

157 x 230 mm
published: 2 x per year
print price: 190 czk
ISSN: 1212-1428
E-ISSN: 2336-6052

Download