AUC GEOGRAPHICA
AUC GEOGRAPHICA

AUC Geographica (Acta Universitatis Carolinae Geographica) is a scholarly academic journal continuously published since 1966 that publishes research in the broadly defined field of geography: physical geography, geo-ecology, regional, social, political and economic geography, regional development, cartography, geoinformatics, demography and geo-demography.

AUC Geographica also publishes articles that contribute to advances in geographic theory and methodology and address the questions of regional, socio-economic and population policy-making in Czechia.

Periodical twice yearly.
Release dates: June 30, December 31

All articles are licenced under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International licence (CC BY 4.0), have DOI and are indexed in CrossRef database.

AUC Geographica is covered by the following services: EBSCO, GeoBibline, SCOPUS, Ulrichsweb and Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ).

The journal has been covered in the SCOPUS database since 1975 – today
https://www.scopus.com/source/sourceInfo.uri?sourceId=27100&origin=recordpage

The journal has been selected for coverage in Clarivate Analytics products and services. Beginning with V. 52 (1) 2017, this publication will be indexed and abstracted in Emerging Sources Citation Index.

The journal has been indexed by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MSHE) on the list of scientific journals recommended for authors to publish their articles. ICI World of Journals; Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geographica.

Scopus Journal Metric

SJR (SCImago Journal Rank) (2020): 0.193
SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper) (2020): 0.842
CiteScore (2020): 1.00

The journal is archived in Portico.

AUC GEOGRAPHICA, Vol 57 No 1 (2022), 16–30

Kyiv metro and urban imageability: a student youth vision

Olexiy Gnatiuk, Olena Kononenko, Kostyantyn Mezentsev

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14712/23361980.2022.2
announced: 14. 02. 2022

abstract

This paper aims to reveal and explain the role of metro stations in a post-socialist metropolis as nodes that determine the perception of the city. By means of Lynch-type mental maps, we sought to find whether metro stations really function as perceptual nodes concentrating urban functions and traffic, and how recent changes of urban built environment and functions induced by neoliberal policy are reflected in the public perception. The results are discussed in relation to transit-oriented development that considers public transport stations and spaces around them as community hubs. The study has confirmed the expectation that the metro system constitutes an important part of the urban image and often functions as a skeleton that is used to arrange and frame the mental map of the city. Most of the metro stations function as perceptual nodes concentrating a particular urban function (monofunctional nodes) or combination of different functions (multifunctional nodes). The current perception of nodal areas around the metro stations reflects the recent transformation of urban built environment and functions, including intense and sometimes aggressive commercialization, as well as deindustrialization, although the role of open green public spaces and waterfronts continues to be important. To promote economic development and produce a more comfortable living environment, the metro-related nodal areas need to balance different functions, resisting abusive commercialization and promoting, keeping, and creating open public spaces, green areas and heritage protections.

keywords: metro stations; city nodal areas; mental maps; urban structure; Kyiv

references (55)

1. Ahlfeldt, G. M., Wendland, N. (2009): Looming stations: valuing transport innovations in historical context. Economics Letters 150, 97-99. CrossRef

2. Appleyard, D. (1969): Why buildings are known. Environment and Behavior 1(2), 131-156. CrossRef

3. Appleyard D. (1973): Notes on urban perception and knowledge. In: Downs, R. M., Stea, D. (eds.). Image and Environment. Chicago, Aldine, 109-114.

4. Avdiejeva, N., Bila, A. (2016): Orhanizatsija transportno-peresadkovykh vuzliv jak kliuchovykh spoluchnykh elementiv transportnoji systemy mista [Organization of transfer assemblies as key connecting elements of the city transport system]. Problemy Rozvytku Miskoho Seredovyscha 15(1), 68-75.

5. Birch, K., Mykhnenko, V. (eds.) (2010): The Rise and Fall of Neoliberalism: The Collapse of an Economic Order? London, Zed. CrossRef

6. Bondar, V. (2018): Istorychni aspekty formuvannia zahalnomiskoho tsentru stolychnoho metropolisa [Historical aspects of the city centre development in the capital metropolis]. In: Lisovskyi, S., Pidhrushnyi, G., Maruniak, E., and others (eds.). Geographical Science and Education: From Statement to Constructivism (International Conference, 28-29 September, 2018). Kyiv, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, 131-133.

7. Cervero, R., Duncan, M. (2002): Transit's value-added effects: light and commuter rail services and commercial land values. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1805, 8-15. CrossRef

8. Cheng, J., Bertolini, L., Clercq, F., Kapoen, L. (2013): Understanding urban networks: Comparing a node-, a density- and an accessibility-based view. Cities 31, April 2013, 165-176. CrossRef

9. Cybriwsky, R. A. (2014): Kyiv, Ukraine. The City of Domes and Demons from the Collapse of Socialism to the Mass Uprising of 2013-2014. Amsterdam University Press. CrossRef

10. Dalton, R., Bafna, S. (2003): The syntactical image of the city: A reciprocal definition of spatial elements and spatial syntaxes. In: Proceedings of the 4th International space syntax symposium, 59.1-59.22. London, Space Syntax.

11. Derakhti, L., Baeten, G. (2020): Contradictions of transit-oriented development in low-income neighborhoods: the case study of Rosengård in Malmö, Sweden. Urban Science 4, 20. CrossRef

12. Dong, H. (2016): If you build rail transit in suburbs, will development come? Journal of the American Planning Association 82(4), 316-326. CrossRef

13. Dong, H. (2017): Transit induced neighborhood change and the affordability paradox of TOD. Journal of Transport Geography 63, 1-10. CrossRef

14. Dronova, O., Brunn, S. D. (2018). How neoliberal globalization processes are transforming Kyiv's nodal areas. Urbani Izziv 29(2), 96-110. CrossRef

15. Dronova, O., Maruniak, E. (2019): Changing the symbolic language of the urban landscape: post-socialist transformation in Kyiv. In: Brunn, S., Kehrein, R. (eds.). Handbook of the Changing World Language Map. Cham, Springer, 2941-2972. CrossRef

16. Dronova, O., Polieshko, D. (2017): Funktsionalni ta prostorovi zminy vuzlovykh terytorij Kyjeva [Functional and Spatial Changes of the Nodal Areas in Kyiv]. In: Mezentsev, K., Oliinyk, Y., Mezentseva, N. (eds.). Urbanistychna Ukrajina: v epitsentri prostorovykh zmin [Urban Ukraine: In Epicenter of Spatial Changes]. Kyiv, Fenix, 211-226.

17. Duncan, M. (2011): The impact of transit-oriented development on housing prices in San Diego, CA. Urban Studies 48(1), 101-127. CrossRef

18. Forouhar, A. (2016): Estimating the impact of metro rail stations on residential property values: evidence from Tehran. Public Transport 8, 427-451. CrossRef

19. Gibbons, S., Machin S. (2005): Valuing rail access using transport innovations. Journal of Urban Economics 57, 148-169. CrossRef

20. Golledge, R., Spector, A. (1978): Comprehending the urban environment: Theory and practice. Geographical Analysis 10(4), 403-426. CrossRef

21. Golubchikov, O., Badyina, A., Makhrova, A. (2014): The hybrid spatialities of transition: Capitalism, legacy and uneven urban economic restructuring. Urban Studies 51(4), 617-633. CrossRef

22. Hall, P. (1993): The changing role of capital cities: Six types of capital city. In: Taylor, J. (ed.). Capital cities - International perspective. Ottawa, Carleton University Press, 69-84.

23. Hospers, G. (2010): Lynch's The image of the city after 50 years: City marketing lessons from an urban planning classic. European Planning Studies 18(12), 2073-2081. CrossRef

24. ITDP (2017): TOD Standard, 3rd ed. New York: Institute for Transportation and Development Policy.

25. Jenks, A. (2000): A metro on the mount: The underground as a church of Soviet civilization. Technology and Culture 41(4), 697-724. CrossRef

26. Jiang, B. (2012). Computing the image of the city. In: Campagna, M., De Montis, A., Isola, F., Pira, C., Zoppi, C. (eds.). Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Informatics and Urban and Regional Planning. Milan, Franco Angeli, 111-121.

27. Jones, C. E., Ley, D. (2016): Transit-oriented development and gentrification along Metro Vancouver's low-income SkyTrain corridor. Canadian Geographer / Le Géographe Canadien 60(1). CrossRef

28. King, L. J., Golledge, R. G. (1978): Cities, Space, and Behaviour: the Elements of Urban Geography. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall.

29. Kuipers, B., Tecuci, D. G., Stankiewicz, B. J. (2003): The skeleton in the cognitive map. Environment and Behavior 35(1), 81-106. CrossRef

30. Latypova, M., Mingalimova, E., Rubtsova, A., Tazov, A. (2021): Empirical study of the mental representation of the image of the city (on the example of Kazan and Naberezhnye Chelny). In: 2nd International Scientific Conference on Socio-Technical Construction and Civil Engineering (STCCE - 2021). E3S Web of Conferences 274, 01034 (2021). CrossRef

31. Li, S., Chen, L., Zhao, P. (2019): The impact of metro services on housing prices: a case study from Beijing. Transportation 46, 1291-1317. CrossRef

32. Look, G., Shrobe, H. E. (2007): Towards intelligent mapping applications: a study of elements found in cognitive maps. In: Proceedings of the 12th international conference on Intelligent user interfaces, 309-312. CrossRef

33. Lynch, K. (1960): The image of the city. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

34. Maruniak, (2013): Reaktsija gorodskogo prostranstva na vyzovy globalizatsii [Urban Space Reaction on Globalization Challenges]. In: Rudenko, L. (ed.). Izmenenija gorodskogo prostranstva v Ukraine [Urban Territories Changes in Ukraine]. Kyiv: Referat, 21-34.

35. Mezentsev, K., Mezentseva N. (2017): Suchasni transformatsiji publichnykh prostoriv Kyjeva: peredumovy, projav ta spetsyfika [Modern transformations of Kyiv public spaces: prerequisites, manifestation and specifications]. Chasopys Sotsialno-Ekonomichnoji Heohrafiji / Human Geography Journal 22(1), 39-46. CrossRef

36. Mezentseva, N., Mezentsev, K. (2017): Vstup: zminy miskoho prostoru stolytsi [Introduction: Changes of the Urban Space in the Capital]. In: Mezentsev, K., Oliinyk, Y., Mezentseva, N. (eds.). Urbanistychna Ukrajina: v epitsentri prostorovykh zmin [Urban Ukraine: In Epicenter of Spatial Changes]. Kyiv. Fenix, 181-184.

37. Mumford, L. (1961): The City in History: Its Origins, its Transformations, and its Prospects. New York, Harcourt, Brace & World.

38. Nawrocki, T. (2017): The usefulness of mental maps for sociological research of the city. Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment 10(3), 19-31. CrossRef

39. Norberg-Schulz, C. (1971): Existence, Space and Architecture. New York, Praeger.

40. Norberg-Schulz, C. (1980): Genius Loci: Towards a Phenomenology of Architecture. London, Academy Editions.

41. Osietrin, M., Omelchuk, M. (2008): Problemy mista, jaki povjazani z rozvytkom merezhi metropolitenu (na prykladi Kyjeva) [Urban isuues related to the metro development (the case of Kyiv)]. Suchasni Problemy Arkhitektury ta Mistobuduvannia 20, 203-210.

42. Osóch, B., Czaplińska, A. (2019): City image based on mental maps - the case study of Szczecin (Poland). Miscellanea Geographica 23(2), 111-119. CrossRef

43. Renne, J. L., Tolford, T., Hamidi, S., Ewing, R. (2016): The cost and affordability paradox of transit-oriented development: a comparison of housing and transportation costs across transit oriented development, hybrid and transit-adjacent development station typologies. Housing Policy Debate 26 (4-5), 819-834. CrossRef

44. Roukouni, A., Basbas, S., Kokkalis, A. (2012): Impacts of a metro station to the land use and transport system: the Thessaloniki Metro case. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 48, 1155-1163. CrossRef

45. Sailer-Fliege, U. (1999): Characteristics of post-socialist urban transformation in East Central Europe. GeoJournal 49(1), 7-16. CrossRef

46. Sassen, S. (2016): The global city: Strategic site, new frontier. In: Keiner, M., Koll-Schretzenmayr, M., Schmid, W. A. (eds.). Managing Urban Futures: Sustainability and Urban Growth in Developing Countries. London, Routledge, 89-104. CrossRef

47. Stenning, A., Smith, A., Rochovska, A., Swiatek, D. (2010): Domesticating neo-liberalism: Spaces of economic practice and social reproduction in post-socialist cities. Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell. CrossRef

48. Stevens, Q. (2006): The shape of urban experience: A reevaluation of Lynch's five elements. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 33(6), 803-823. CrossRef

49. Sýkora, L. (2009): Post-socialist cities. In: Kitchin, R., Thrift, N. (eds.). International Encyclopedia of Human Geography 8, 387-395. CrossRef

50. Sýkora, L., Bouzarovski, S. (2012): Multiple transformations: Conceptualising the post-communist urban transition. Urban Studies 49(1), 43-60. CrossRef

51. Topcu, K. D., Topcu, M. (2012): Visual presentation of mental images in urban design education: cognitive maps. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 51, 573-582. CrossRef

52. The Village (2014): Big Bang Data: Kak student "Strelki" dokazal, chto Moskva - vsio escho feodalnyj gorod [Big Bang Data: How a Strelka student proved that Moscow is still a "feudal" city], https://www.the-village.ru/village/city/big-data/171117-schrader (accessed June 24, 2021).

53. Urban Look (2014): Stantsii moskovskogo metro: tsentry pritiazhenija dlia "uzlovogo" goroda [Moscow metro stations: centres of gravity for the "nodal" city]. Access mode: https://urbanlook.ru/stancii-moskovskogo-metro-centry-prityazheniya-dlya-uzlovogo-goroda (accessed June 24, 2021).

54. Yoshimura, Y., He, S., Hack, G., Nagakura, T., Ratti, C. (2020): Quantifying memories: mapping urban perception. Mobile Networks and Applications 25, 1275-1286. CrossRef

55. Zhang, Y., Marshall, S., Manley, E. (2019): Network criticality and the node-place-design model: Classifying metro station areas in Greater London. Journal of Transport Geography 79, 102485. CrossRef

Creative Commons License
Kyiv metro and urban imageability: a student youth vision is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

210 x 297 mm
published: 2 x per year
print price: 200 czk
ISSN: 0300-5402
E-ISSN: 2336-1980

Download