EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
The European Journal of Environmental Sciences offers a mixture of original peer-reviewed research papers, which bring you some of the most exciting developments in environmental sciences in the broadest sense, often with an inter- or trans-disciplinary perspective, focused on the European problems. The journal also includes critical reviews on topical issues, and overviews of the status of environmental protection in particular regions or countries. The journal covers a broad range of topics, including direct or indirect interactions between abiotic or biotic components of the environment, interactions of environment with human society, or environmental sustainability.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, Vol 11 No 1 (2021), 5–11

Influence of intraspecific competition for food on the bodyweight of the adult aphidophagous ladybird, Coccinella transversalis

Ahmad Pervez, Rupali Sharma

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14712/23361964.2021.1
announced: 20. 06. 2021

abstract

Aggregation of conspecific predators sharing a common prey, influences their bodyweights. We investigated the influence of intraspecific competition of adult ladybirds of Coccinella transversalis Fabricius on their bodyweight feeding on rusty plum aphid, Hysteroneura setariae (Thomas). Adult males and females consumed a significantly greater number of aphids with increase in predator-density, however, the aphid-consumption per predator declined with this increase. The weight gain per predator also decreased linearly with increase in the density of both male and female predators. This indicates that the weight-gain of the predator is a function of the prey consumed. The searching efficiency decreased with increase in predator density due to mutual inference. The mutual interference constants for adult male and female ladybirds were −0.419 and −0.546, respectively. The females consumed a greater number of aphids than males. The killing power of the ladybird denoted by the k-value increased curvilinearly with increase in predator density. We conclude that prey consumption is a function of body size and that the offspring of those that aggregate at low densities in prey-rich habitats develop into large adults.

keywords: conspecific predator; Coccinella transversalis; intraspecific competition; ladybirds; numerical response

Creative Commons License
Influence of intraspecific competition for food on the bodyweight of the adult aphidophagous ladybird, Coccinella transversalis is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

210 x 297 mm
published: 2 x per year
print price: 150 czk
ISSN: 1805-0174
E-ISSN: 2336-1964

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