ACTA MEDICA
ACTA MEDICA
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové) is an English language multidisciplinary medical journal. Acta Medica publishes reviews, original articles, brief communications, case reports, announcements, and notices. The journal was founded in 1958 under the title “A Collection of Scientific Works of the Charles University’s Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové”. The journal is indexed in Chemical Abstracts, CNKI, DOAJ, EBSCO, Hinari, Index Medicus, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Ulrichsweb.

ACTA MEDICA, Vol 61 No 2 (2018), 53–56

Severe Hypocalcemia and Extreme Elevation of Serum Creatinkinase in a 16-Year Old Boy with Pseudohypoparathyroidism Type Ib

Štěpán Kutílek, Ivana Plášilová, Kristýna Hasenöhrlová, Hana Černá, Kristýna Hanulíková

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2018.51
announced: 14. 09. 2018

abstract

Calcium is essential for proper muscular function and metabolism. Myopathy with high creatinkinase activity can be a rare manifestation of hypocalcemia of various origin, such as vitamin D deficiency, hypoparathyroidism, pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP). 16-year old previously healthy boy was admitted to intensive care unit with convulsions lasting for three minutes and a transient loss of consciousness. Laboratory results revealed severe hypocalcemia (total S-Ca < 1.0 mmol/L; normal 2.2–2.6 mmol/L), hyperphosphatemia (S-P 2.8 mmol/L; normal 0.6–1.6 mmol/L). Serum creatinkinase (S-CK) activity was 32 μkat/L (normal 0.57–2.45 μkat/L). Other basic biochemical parameters including creatinine, troponin, alkaline phosphatase were within normal values. Calcemia was gradually corrected within two weeks by intravenously and orally administered calcium and by cholecalciferol. S-CK reached a maximum of 222 μkat/L on day 4 and dropped to 7.2 μkat/L on day 14. Boy had no myalgias, neither clinical signs of myopathy. Echocardiography was normal with normal myocardial contractility, without any signs of calcification. The serum level of parathyroid hormone (S-PTH) was high (12 pmol/L; normal 0.7–5.5 pmol/L), fully compatible with the diagnosis of PHP. Molecular analysis revealed pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ib (PHPIb).In conclusion, manifest tetany and even mild myopathy with very high S-CK can occur in hypocalcemic patients and usually resolves after normalization of hypocalcemia.

keywords: calcium; hypocalcemia; pseudohypoparathyroidism; creatinkinase; myopathy

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Severe Hypocalcemia and Extreme Elevation of Serum Creatinkinase in a 16-Year Old Boy with Pseudohypoparathyroidism Type Ib is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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print price: 150 czk
ISSN: 1211-4286
E-ISSN: 1805-9694

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