ACTA MEDICA
ACTA MEDICA
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové) is an English language multidisciplinary medical journal. Acta Medica publishes reviews, original articles, brief communications, case reports, announcements, and notices. The journal was founded in 1958 under the title “A Collection of Scientific Works of the Charles University’s Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové”. The journal is indexed in Chemical Abstracts, CNKI, DOAJ, EBSCO, Hinari, Index Medicus, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Ulrichsweb.

ACTA MEDICA, Vol 58 No 4 (2015), 123–127

Dental and Oral Lesions in HIV-Positive Individuals in East Bohemia – Czech Republic, Single Centre Experience

Martin Šembera, Vladimíra Radochová, Radovan Slezák

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14712/18059694.2016.3
announced: 10. 03. 2016

abstract

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a serious health issue and one of the world most devastating epidemics. An estimated 1.5 million people died from AIDS-related illnesses in 2013, and an estimated 37 million people with AIDS have died worldwide since the epidemic has begun. HIV infection is known for its oral manifestations which causes discomfort and pain for infected individuals. The objective of this study was to document oral conditions of HIV positive patients and the pattern and frequency of oral and dental lesions. Methods: All patients with confirmed HIV infection who were treated at the Department of Dentistry, University Hospital in Hradec Králové, were examined. Results: During the study period, 29 HIV positive patients were examined and treated – 19 men, 10 women, with mean age of 32.9 years (range 22–58 years). 72.41% patients received ART. In total, all patients underwent 186 visits. The most frequent treatments were associated with teeth and periodontal lesions (71.80%), oral mucosal lesions were diagnosed and treated only in 3.96% cases. Conclusion: Since the introduction of ART, the frequency of oral mucosal lesions is minimal in patients with HIV infection.

keywords: HIV; Dental lesions; Oral mucosal lesions

Creative Commons License
Dental and Oral Lesions in HIV-Positive Individuals in East Bohemia – Czech Republic, Single Centre Experience is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

210 x 297 mm
published: 4 x per year
print price: 150 czk
ISSN: 1211-4286
E-ISSN: 1805-9694

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