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Kmeny a klany v arabském Maghribu

Kmeny a klany v arabském Maghribu

[Tribes and Clans in the Arab Maghrib]

Gombár, Eduard

subjects: political science and international relations

paperback, 228 pp., 1. edition
published: march 2008
ISBN: 978-80-246-1418-2
recommended price: 200 czk



This monograph follows up the author's book entitled "Tribes and Clans in Arabic Politics (Prague, Karolinum Press, 2004). In five chapters, the author analyses the political influence of tribal, clan, city and country elites in the countries of Arabic Maghrib (Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania). Quadhdhafi's elite "inner circle" was formed by members of privileged Libyan tribes. In Tunisia, Burgib's authoritative presidential system, supported by the country elite from the Monastir region, was replaced by new elite related to the family of President Ben Ali. Algeria is an example of a country where, during a war of liberation, the traditional city elites were replaced by revolutionary country elites, which formed the core of the Algerian army. For the Moroccan political system, the strong political and religious authority of the king plays the key role, as it was traditionally supported by the Berber tribal elites of the Moroccan army. In Mauritania, the elite of the "white Mauris" assumed a strong position. The politically relevant elites of Arabic Maghrib, however, are more and more confronted with the pressure of the democratic process.