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Jak se děti učí významu slov

Jak se děti učí významu slov

[How Children Learn the Meanings of Words]

Bloom, Paul

subjects: linguistics
series: Linguistics

paperback, 296 pp., 1. edition
translation: Chromý, Jan
published: september 2015
ISBN: 978-80-246-3095-3
recommended price: 360 czk



How do children learn that the word "dog" refers not to all four-legged animals, and not just to Ralph, but to all members of a particular species? How do they learn the meanings of verbs like "think," adjectives like "good," and words for abstract entities such as "mortgage" and "story"? The acquisition of word meaning is one of the fundamental issues in the study of the mind. According to Paul Bloom, children learn words through sophisticated cognitive abilities that exist for other purposes. These include the ability to infer others' intentions, the ability to acquire concepts, an appreciation of syntactic structure, and certain general learning and memory abilities. Although other researchers have associated the learning of words with some of these capacities, Bloom is the first to show how a complete explanation requires all of them. The acquisition of even simple nouns requires rich conceptual, social, and linguistic capacities interacting in complex ways.

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